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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(6), 939; doi:10.3390/ijms17060939

Mitochondria Synthesize Melatonin to Ameliorate Its Function and Improve Mice Oocyte’s Quality under in Vitro Conditions

National Engineering Laboratory for Animal Breeding, Key Laboratory of Animal Genetics and Breeding of the Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing Key Laboratory for Animal Genetic Improvement, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Academic Editor: Manickam Sugumaran
Received: 25 April 2016 / Revised: 30 May 2016 / Accepted: 2 June 2016 / Published: 14 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
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Abstract

The physiology of oocyte in vitro maturation remains elusive. Generally, the oocytes have a very low maturation rate under in vitro conditions. In the current study, we found that melatonin promotes the maturation of oocytes in which mitochondria play a pivotal role. It was identified that; (1) mitochondria are the major sites for melatonin synthesis in oocytes and they synthesize large amounts of melatonin during their maturation; (2) melatonin improves mitochondrial function by increased mtDNA copy, mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) and mitochondrial distribution and ATP production in oocytes; (3) the meiotic spindle assembly is enhanced; (4) melatonin reduces ROS production and inhibits 8-oxodG formation, thereby protecting potential DNA mutation from oxidative damage. As a result, melatonin improves the quality of oocytes, significantly accelerates the developmental ability of IVF embryo. The results provide novel knowledge on the physiology of oocyte’s maturation, especially under in vitro conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: antioxidant; melatonin; mitochondria; oocyte; SNAT antioxidant; melatonin; mitochondria; oocyte; SNAT
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MDPI and ACS Style

He, C.; Wang, J.; Zhang, Z.; Yang, M.; Li, Y.; Tian, X.; Ma, T.; Tao, J.; Zhu, K.; Song, Y.; Ji, P.; Liu, G. Mitochondria Synthesize Melatonin to Ameliorate Its Function and Improve Mice Oocyte’s Quality under in Vitro Conditions. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 939.

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