Next Article in Journal
Metabolomic Studies of Oral Biofilm, Oral Cancer, and Beyond
Next Article in Special Issue
A High Diet Quality Based on Dietary Recommendations Is Not Associated with Lower Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes in the Malmö Diet and Cancer Cohort
Previous Article in Journal
PAMP Activity of Cerato-Platanin during Plant Interaction: An -Omic Approach
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(6), 698; doi:10.3390/ijms17060698

A ‘High Risk’ Lifestyle Pattern Is Associated with Metabolic Syndrome among Qatari Women of Reproductive Age: A Cross-Sectional National Study

1
Public Health Department, Ministry of Public Health, Doha, Al Rumaila West, 42 Doha, Qatar
2
Health Promotion and Non Communicable Disease Prevention Division, Ministry of Public Health, Doha, Al Rumaila West, 42 Doha, Qatar
3
Nutrition and Food Sciences Department, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, P.O. BOX 11-0.236, Riad El Solh, 11072020 Beirut, Lebanon
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vicki Flood
Received: 25 March 2016 / Revised: 18 April 2016 / Accepted: 29 April 2016 / Published: 2 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Nutritional Epidemiology)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [596 KB, uploaded 2 June 2016]   |  

Abstract

This study investigated the effect of lifestyle patterns, as a combination of diet, physical activity and smoking, on Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) among Qatari women of childbearing age (n = 418), a population group particularly vulnerable to the health sequela of this syndrome. Using data from the National WHO STEPwise survey conducted in Qatar in 2012, Principal Component Factor Analysis was performed to derive lifestyle patterns with survey variables related to the frequency of consumption of 13 foods/food groups, physical activity levels, and smoking status. MetS was diagnosed using ATPIII criteria. Three lifestyle patterns were identified: ‘High Risk’ pattern, characterized by intakes of fast foods, sweets and sugar sweetened beverages, in addition to lower levels of physical activity and higher smoking prevalence; ‘Prudent’ pattern, driven mainly by higher intakes of fruits, vegetables, fish, and whole grains; and ‘Traditional’ pattern which included beans, meat, dairy products, and a low prevalence of smoking. Among these three lifestyle patterns, only the ‘High Risk’ was associated with MetS, whereby subjects belonging to the third tertile of this pattern’s score had 2.5 times the odds of MetS compared to those belonging to the first tertile. The findings of this study demonstrated the synergy among high risk behaviors among Qatari women in increasing the odds of MetS; the latter being a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: lifestyle patterns; metabolic syndrome; factor analysis; women of childbearing age; nutritional epidemiology lifestyle patterns; metabolic syndrome; factor analysis; women of childbearing age; nutritional epidemiology
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Al Thani, M.; Al Thani, A.A.; Al-Chetachi, W.; Al Malki, B.; Khalifa, S.A.H.; Haj Bakri, A.; Hwalla, N.; Nasreddine, L.; Naja, F. A ‘High Risk’ Lifestyle Pattern Is Associated with Metabolic Syndrome among Qatari Women of Reproductive Age: A Cross-Sectional National Study. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 698.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top