Conditional Knockout in Mice Reveals the Critical Roles of Ppp2ca in Epidermis Development
AbstractThe epidermis is an important tissue in Homo sapines and other animals, and an abnormal epidermis will cause many diseases. Phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is an important serine and threonine phosphatase. The α isoform of the PP2A catalytic subunit (Ppp2ca gene encoding PP2Acα) is critical for cell proliferation, growth, metabolism and tumorigenesis. However, to date, no study has revealed its roles in epidermis development. To specifically investigate the roles of PP2Acα in epidermis development, we first generated Ppp2caflox/flox transgenic mice, and conditionally knocked out Ppp2ca in the epidermis driven by Krt14-Cre. Our study showed that Ppp2caflox/flox; Krt14-Cre mice had significant hair loss. In addition, histological analyses showed that the morphogenesis and hair regeneration cycle of hair follicles were disrupted in these mice. Moreover, Ppp2caflox/flox; Krt14-Cre mice had smaller size, melanin deposition and hyperproliferation at the base of the claws. Accordingly, our study demonstrates that PP2Acα plays important roles in both hair follicle and epidermis development. Additionally, the Ppp2caflox/flox mice generated in this study can serve as a useful transgene model to study the roles of PP2Acα in other developmental processes and diseases. View Full-Text
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Fang, C.; Li, L.; Li, J. Conditional Knockout in Mice Reveals the Critical Roles of Ppp2ca in Epidermis Development. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 756.
Fang C, Li L, Li J. Conditional Knockout in Mice Reveals the Critical Roles of Ppp2ca in Epidermis Development. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(5):756.Chicago/Turabian Style
Fang, Chao; Li, Lei; Li, Jianmin. 2016. "Conditional Knockout in Mice Reveals the Critical Roles of Ppp2ca in Epidermis Development." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 17, no. 5: 756.
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