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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(5), 619; doi:10.3390/ijms17050619

Glycated Albumin versus Glycated Hemoglobin as a Glycemic Indicator in Diabetic Patients on Peritoneal Dialysis

Division of Nephrology, Hypertension and Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo 173-8610, Japan
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Academic Editor: Alan Parrish
Received: 16 March 2016 / Revised: 11 April 2016 / Accepted: 20 April 2016 / Published: 25 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease)
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Abstract

Compared with glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), glycated albumin (GA) is superior in estimating glycemic control in diabetic patients on hemodialysis (HD). However, the better index for assessment of glycemic control in diabetic patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and the impact of protein loss on GA are unknown. Twenty diabetic patients on HD were matched by age, sex, and baseline postprandial plasma glucose (PG) levels to 20 PD patients. PG, HbA1c, GA, and serum albumin levels were measured for six months. Protein loss in PD patients was estimated by measuring the protein concentration in the peritoneal dialysate and by 24 h urine collection. Although PG and HbA1c did not differ significantly between the groups, the PD group had significantly lower GA (17.8% versus 20.8%, p < 0.001) and GA/HbA1c ratio (2.95% versus 3.45%, p < 0.0001) than the HD group. Although the PG level correlated significantly with the GA levels in both groups, it was not correlated with the HbA1c levels in both groups. HbA1c level was negatively associated with erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) dose in both groups, whereas GA was not significantly associated with serum albumin, hemoglobin concentration, ESA dose, and protein loss. Multiple regression analysis identified GA as the only independent factor associated with PG in PD patients. Our results suggested that GA was not significantly associated with protein loss, hemoglobin, serum albumin, and ESA dose. Although GA might underestimate glycemic status, it provided a significantly better measure for estimating glycemic control than HbA1c, even in PD patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes mellitus; glycated albumin; glycated hemoglobin; hemodialysis; peritoneal dialysis diabetes mellitus; glycated albumin; glycated hemoglobin; hemodialysis; peritoneal dialysis
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Kobayashi, H.; Abe, M.; Yoshida, Y.; Suzuki, H.; Maruyama, N.; Okada, K. Glycated Albumin versus Glycated Hemoglobin as a Glycemic Indicator in Diabetic Patients on Peritoneal Dialysis. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 619.

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