Next Article in Journal
Crosstalk between Autophagy and Apoptosis: Potential and Emerging Therapeutic Targets for Cardiac Diseases
Next Article in Special Issue
pH-Responsive Hyaluronic Acid-Based Mixed Micelles for the Hepatoma-Targeting Delivery of Doxorubicin
Previous Article in Journal
Scientific and Regulatory Perspectives in Herbal and Dietary Supplement Associated Hepatotoxicity in the United States
Previous Article in Special Issue
Laminin Receptor-Avid Nanotherapeutic EGCg-AuNPs as a Potential Alternative Therapeutic Approach to Prevent Restenosis
Article Menu
Issue 3 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(3), 334; doi:10.3390/ijms17030334

Biomaterials with Antibacterial and Osteoinductive Properties to Repair Infected Bone Defects

1,†
,
2,†
,
1,†
,
3,* , 4,* and 2
1
School of Stomatology, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou 310053, China
2
Department of Oral Implantology and Prosthetic Dentistry, Academic Center for Dentistry Amsterdam (ACTA), University of Amsterdam and VU University Amsterdam, MOVE Research Institute, Amsterdam 1081LA, The Netherlands
3
The First Affiliated Hospital, Medical School, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310003, China
4
The First Affiliated Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325000, China
These authors contributed evenly to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Már Másson
Received: 12 February 2016 / Revised: 23 February 2016 / Accepted: 29 February 2016 / Published: 3 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Drug Delivery and Antimicrobial Agents)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1653 KB, uploaded 3 March 2016]   |  

Abstract

The repair of infected bone defects is still challenging in the fields of orthopedics, oral implantology and maxillofacial surgery. In these cases, the self-healing capacity of bone tissue can be significantly compromised by the large size of bone defects and the potential/active bacterial activity. Infected bone defects are conventionally treated by a systemic/local administration of antibiotics to control infection and a subsequent implantation of bone grafts, such as autografts and allografts. However, these treatment options are time-consuming and usually yield less optimal efficacy. To approach these problems, novel biomaterials with both antibacterial and osteoinductive properties have been developed. The antibacterial property can be conferred by antibiotics and other novel antibacterial biomaterials, such as silver nanoparticles. Bone morphogenetic proteins are used to functionalize the biomaterials with a potent osteoinductive property. By manipulating the carrying modes and release kinetics, these biomaterials are optimized to maximize their antibacterial and osteoinductive functions with minimized cytotoxicity. The findings, in the past decade, have shown a very promising application potential of the novel biomaterials with the dual functions in treating infected bone defects. In this review, we will summarize the current knowledge of novel biomaterials with both antibacterial and osteoinductive properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: co-delivery; antibacterial; osteoinductive; antibiotics; bone morphogenetic protein2 (BMP2); infected bone defect; bone regeneration co-delivery; antibacterial; osteoinductive; antibiotics; bone morphogenetic protein2 (BMP2); infected bone defect; bone regeneration
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Lu, H.; Liu, Y.; Guo, J.; Wu, H.; Wang, J.; Wu, G. Biomaterials with Antibacterial and Osteoinductive Properties to Repair Infected Bone Defects. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 334.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top