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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(11), 1936; doi:10.3390/ijms17111936

Synthesis of Non-Toxic Silica Particles Stabilized by Molecular Complex Oleic-Acid/Sodium Oleate

National Research & Development Institute for Chemistry and Petrochemistry—ICECHIM, Spl. Independentei 202, 6th District, Bucharest 060021, Romania
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Academic Editor: Bing Yan
Received: 21 October 2016 / Revised: 11 November 2016 / Accepted: 15 November 2016 / Published: 19 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Collection Bioactive Nanoparticles)
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Abstract

The present work is focused on the preparation of biocompatible silica particles from sodium silicate, stabilized by a vesicular system containing oleic acid (OLA) and its alkaline salt (OLANa). Silica nanoparticles were generated by the partial neutralization of oleic acid (OLA), with the sodium cation present in the aqueous solutions of sodium silicate. At the molar ratio OLA/Na+ = 2:1, the molar ratio (OLA/OLANa = 1:1) required to form vesicles, in which the carboxyl and carboxylate groups have equal concentrations, was achieved. In order to obtain hydrophobically modified silica particles, octadecyltriethoxysilane (ODTES) was added in a sodium silicate sol–gel mixture at different molar ratios. The interactions between the octadecyl groups from the modified silica and the oleyl chains from the OLA/OLANa stabilizing system were investigated via simultaneous thermogravimetry (TG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) (TG-DSC) analyses.A significant decrease in vaporization enthalpy and an increase in amount of ODTES were observed. Additionally, that the hydrophobic interaction between OLA and ODTES has a strong impact on the hybrids’ final morphology and on their textural characteristics was revealed. The highest hydrodynamic average diameter and the most negative ζ potential were recorded for the hybrid in which the ODTES/sodium silicate molar ratio was 1:5. The obtained mesoporous silica particles, stabilized by the OLA/OLANa vesicular system, may find application as carriers for hydrophobic bioactive molecules. View Full-Text
Keywords: oleic acid; sodium silicate; mesoporous silica; octadecyltriethoxysilane oleic acid; sodium silicate; mesoporous silica; octadecyltriethoxysilane
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Spataru, C.I.; Ianchis, R.; Petcu, C.; Nistor, C.L.; Purcar, V.; Trica, B.; Nitu, S.G.; Somoghi, R.; Alexandrescu, E.; Oancea, F.; Donescu, D. Synthesis of Non-Toxic Silica Particles Stabilized by Molecular Complex Oleic-Acid/Sodium Oleate. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1936.

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