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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(11), 1865; doi:10.3390/ijms17111865

Berberine Alleviates Olanzapine-Induced Adipogenesis via the AMPKα–SREBP Pathway in 3T3-L1 Cells

1
School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
2
Engineer Research Center of Chongqing Pharmaceutical Process and Quality Control, Chongqing 400715, China
3
Antipsychotic Research Laboratory, School of Medicine, and Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute, University of Wollongong, Wollongong 2522, NSW, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Chang Won Choi
Received: 26 September 2016 / Revised: 1 November 2016 / Accepted: 4 November 2016 / Published: 9 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Bioactives and Nutraceuticals)
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms underlying the inhibitory effects of berberine (BBR) on olanzapine (OLZ)-induced adipogenesis in a well-replicated 3T3-L1 cell model. Oil-Red-O (ORO) staining showed that BBR significantly decreased OLZ-induced adipogenesis. Co-treatment with OLZ and BBR decreased the accumulation of triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) by 55.58% ± 3.65% and 49.84% ± 8.31%, respectively, in 3T3-L1 adipocytes accompanied by reduced expression of Sterol regulatory element binding proteins 1 (SREBP1), fatty acid synthase (FAS), peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-γ (PPARγ), SREBP2, low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR), and hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMGR) genes compared with OLZ alone. Consistently, the co-treatment downregulated protein levels of SREBP1, SREBP2, and LDLR by 57.71% ± 9.42%, 73.05% ± 11.82%, and 59.46% ± 9.91%, respectively. In addition, co-treatment reversed the phosphorylation level of AMP-activated protein kinase-α (AMPKα), which was reduced by OLZ, determined via the ratio of pAMPKα:AMPKα (94.1%) compared with OLZ alone. The results showed that BBR may prevent lipid metabolism disorders caused by OLZ by reversing the degree of SREBP pathway upregulated and the phosphorylation of AMPKα downregulated. Collectively, these results indicated that BBR could be used as a potential adjuvant to prevent dyslipidemia and obesity caused by the use of second-generation antipsychotic medication. View Full-Text
Keywords: berberine; olanzapine; adipogenesis; AMPKα; SREBPs; 3T3-L1 cells berberine; olanzapine; adipogenesis; AMPKα; SREBPs; 3T3-L1 cells
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, Y.; Zhao, X.; Feng, X.; Liu, X.; Deng, C.; Hu, C.-H. Berberine Alleviates Olanzapine-Induced Adipogenesis via the AMPKα–SREBP Pathway in 3T3-L1 Cells. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1865.

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