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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(11), 1843; doi:10.3390/ijms17111843

The Complete Mitochondrial Genome of Aleurocanthus camelliae: Insights into Gene Arrangement and Genome Organization within the Family Aleyrodidae

1
Tea Research Institute, Chongqing Academy of Agricultural Science, Chongqing 402160, China
2
Tea Science Department, College of Horticulture, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya’an 611130, China
3
Key Laboratory of Entomology and Pest Control Engineering, College of Plant Protection, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: T. G. Emyr Davies
Received: 14 July 2016 / Revised: 27 October 2016 / Accepted: 1 November 2016 / Published: 7 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
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Abstract

There are numerous gene rearrangements and transfer RNA gene absences existing in mitochondrial (mt) genomes of Aleyrodidae species. To understand how mt genomes evolved in the family Aleyrodidae, we have sequenced the complete mt genome of Aleurocanthus camelliae and comparatively analyzed all reported whitefly mt genomes. The mt genome of A. camelliae is 15,188 bp long, and consists of 13 protein-coding genes, two rRNA genes, 21 tRNA genes and a putative control region (GenBank: KU761949). The tRNA gene, trnI, has not been observed in this genome. The mt genome has a unique gene order and shares most gene boundaries with Tetraleurodes acaciae. Nineteen of 21 tRNA genes have the conventional cloverleaf shaped secondary structure and two (trnS1 and trnS2) lack the dihydrouridine (DHU) arm. Using ARWEN and homologous sequence alignment, we have identified five tRNA genes and revised the annotation for three whitefly mt genomes. This result suggests that most absent genes exist in the genomes and have not been identified, due to be lack of technology and inference sequence. The phylogenetic relationships among 11 whiteflies and Drosophila melanogaster were inferred by maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference methods. Aleurocanthus camelliae and T. acaciae form a sister group, and all three Bemisia tabaci and two Bemisia afer strains gather together. These results are identical to the relationships inferred from gene order. We inferred that gene rearrangement plays an important role in the mt genome evolved from whiteflies. View Full-Text
Keywords: Aleurocanthus camelliae; whitefly; mitochondrial genome; rearrangement; genome evolution Aleurocanthus camelliae; whitefly; mitochondrial genome; rearrangement; genome evolution
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Chen, S.-C.; Wang, X.-Q.; Li, P.-W.; Hu, X.; Wang, J.-J.; Peng, P. The Complete Mitochondrial Genome of Aleurocanthus camelliae: Insights into Gene Arrangement and Genome Organization within the Family Aleyrodidae. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1843.

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