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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(10), 1641; doi:10.3390/ijms17101641

Next-Generation Sequencing of Two Mitochondrial Genomes from Family Pompilidae (Hymenoptera: Vespoidea) Reveal Novel Patterns of Gene Arrangement

1
Institute of Plant and Environmental Protection, Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Beijing 100097, China
2
Department of Entomology, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510640, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: T. G. Emyr Davies
Received: 14 August 2016 / Revised: 14 September 2016 / Accepted: 20 September 2016 / Published: 11 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
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Abstract

Animal mitochondrial genomes have provided large and diverse datasets for evolutionary studies. Here, the first two representative mitochondrial genomes from the family Pompilidae (Hymenoptera: Vespoidea) were determined using next-generation sequencing. The sequenced region of these two mitochondrial genomes from the species Auplopus sp. and Agenioideus sp. was 16,746 bp long with an A + T content of 83.12% and 16,596 bp long with an A + T content of 78.64%, respectively. In both species, all of the 37 typical mitochondrial genes were determined. The secondary structure of tRNA genes and rRNA genes were predicted and compared with those of other insects. Atypical trnS1 using abnormal anticodons TCT and lacking D-stem pairings was identified. There were 49 helices belonging to six domains in rrnL and 30 helices belonging to three domains in rrns present. Compared with the ancestral organization, four and two tRNA genes were rearranged in mitochondrial genomes of Auplopus and Agenioideus, respectively. In both species, trnM was shuffled upstream of the trnI-trnQ-trnM cluster, and trnA was translocated from the cluster trnA-trnR-trnN-trnS1-trnE-trnF to the region between nad1 and trnL1, which is novel to the Vespoidea. In Auplopus, the tRNA cluster trnW-trnC-trnY was shuffled to trnW-trnY-trnC. Phylogenetic analysis within Vespoidea revealed that Pompilidae and Mutillidae formed a sister lineage, and then sistered Formicidae. The genomes presented in this study have enriched the knowledge base of molecular markers, which is valuable in respect to studies about the gene rearrangement mechanism, genomic evolutionary processes and phylogeny of Hymenoptera. View Full-Text
Keywords: mitochondrial genomes; gene rearrangement; Vespoidea; Pompilidae; Auplopus; Agenioideu mitochondrial genomes; gene rearrangement; Vespoidea; Pompilidae; Auplopus; Agenioideu
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Chen, P.-Y.; Zheng, B.-Y.; Liu, J.-X.; Wei, S.-J. Next-Generation Sequencing of Two Mitochondrial Genomes from Family Pompilidae (Hymenoptera: Vespoidea) Reveal Novel Patterns of Gene Arrangement. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1641.

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