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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(10), 1620; doi:10.3390/ijms17101620

miR33a/miR33b* and miR122 as Possible Contributors to Hepatic Lipid Metabolism in Obese Women with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

1
Group de Recerca GEMMAIR (AGAUR)-Medicina Aplicada, Institut Investigació Sanitària Pere Virgili (IISPV), Departament de Medicina i Cirurgia, Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV), Tarragona 43007, Spain
2
Servei Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitari Joan XXIII Tarragona, Mallafré Guasch, 4, Tarragona 43007, Spain
3
Servei Anatomia Patològica, Hospital Universitari Joan XXIII Tarragona, Mallafré Guasch, 4, Tarragona 43007, Spain
4
Servei de Cirurgia, Hospital Sant Joan de Reus, Departament de Medicina i Cirurgia, Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV), IISPV, Avinguda Doctor Josep Laporte, 2, 43204 Reus, Tarragona 43204, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Martin Pichler
Received: 3 August 2016 / Revised: 13 September 2016 / Accepted: 13 September 2016 / Published: 24 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Collection Regulation by Non-Coding RNAs)
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Abstract

Specific miRNA expression profiles have been shown to be associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We examined the correlation between the circulating levels and hepatic expression of miR122 and miR33a/b*, the key lipid metabolism-related gene expression and the clinicopathological factors of obese women with NAFLD. We measured miR122 and miR33a/b* expression in liver samples from 62 morbidly obese (MO), 30 moderately obese (ModO), and eight normal-weight controls. MiR122 and miR33a/b* expression was analyzed by qRT-PCR. Additionally, miR122 and miR33b* circulating levels were analyzed in 122 women. Hepatic miR33b* expression was increased in MO compared to ModO and controls, whereas miR122 expression was decreased in the MO group compared to ModO. In obese cohorts, miR33b* expression was increased in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Regarding circulating levels, MO patients with NASH showed higher miR122 levels than MO with simple steatosis (SS). These circulating levels are good predictors of histological features associated with disease severity. MO is associated with altered hepatic miRNA expression. In obese women, higher miR33b* liver expression is associated with NASH. Moreover, multiple correlations between miRNAs and the expression of genes related to lipid metabolism were found, that would suggest a miRNA-host gene circuit. Finally, miR122 circulating levels could be included in a panel of different biomarkers to improve accuracy in the non-invasive diagnosis of NASH. View Full-Text
Keywords: miR122; miR33a/b*; nonalcoholic fatty liver disease; obesity miR122; miR33a/b*; nonalcoholic fatty liver disease; obesity
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Auguet, T.; Aragonès, G.; Berlanga, A.; Guiu-Jurado, E.; Martí, A.; Martínez, S.; Sabench, F.; Hernández, M.; Aguilar, C.; Sirvent, J.J.; del Castillo, D.; Richart, C. miR33a/miR33b* and miR122 as Possible Contributors to Hepatic Lipid Metabolism in Obese Women with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1620.

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