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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(1), 62; doi:10.3390/ijms17010062

Porcine Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Retain Their Stem Cell Characteristics and Cell Activities While Enhancing the Expression of Liver-Specific Genes after Acute Liver Failure

Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310006, China
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Academic Editors: Wilhelm Bloch and Wenbin Deng
Received: 21 October 2015 / Revised: 24 November 2015 / Accepted: 23 December 2015 / Published: 5 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Stem Cell Activation in Adult Organism)
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Abstract

Acute liver failure (ALF) is a kind of complicated syndrome. Furthermore, adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) can serve as a useful cell resource for autotransplantation due to their abundance and micro-invasive accessability. However, it is unknown how ALF will influence the characteristics of ADMSCs and whether ADMSCs from patients suffering from end-stage liver diseases are potential candidates for autotransplantation. This study was designed to compare various properties of ALF-derived ADMSCs with normal ADMSCs in pig models, with regard to their cellular morphology, cell proliferative ability, cell apoptosis, expression of surface antigens, mitochondrial and lysosomal activities, multilineage potency, and expression of liver-specific genes. Our results showed that ALF does not influence the stem cell characteristics and cell activities of ADMSCs. Intriguingly, the expression levels of several liver-specific genes in ALF-derived ADMSCs are higher than in normal ADMSCs. In conclusion, our findings indicate that the stem cell characteristics and cell activities of ADMSCs were not altered by ALF and these cells can serve as a new source for regenerative medicine. View Full-Text
Keywords: acute liver failure (ALF); adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs); biological characteristics; autotransplantation acute liver failure (ALF); adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs); biological characteristics; autotransplantation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hu, C.; Zhou, N.; Li, J.; Shi, D.; Cao, H.; Li, J.; Li, L. Porcine Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Retain Their Stem Cell Characteristics and Cell Activities While Enhancing the Expression of Liver-Specific Genes after Acute Liver Failure. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 62.

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