Insight into the Structural Determinants of Imidazole Scaffold-Based Derivatives as TNF-α Release Inhibitors by in Silico Explorations
AbstractPresently, 151 widely-diverse pyridinylimidazole-based compounds that show inhibitory activities at the TNF-α release were investigated. By using the distance comparison technique (DISCOtech), comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA), and comparative molecular similarity index analysis (CoMSIA) methods, the pharmacophore models and the three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationships (3D-QSAR) of the compounds were explored. The proposed pharmacophore model, including two hydrophobic sites, two aromatic centers, two H-bond donor atoms, two H-bond acceptor atoms, and two H-bond donor sites characterizes the necessary structural features of TNF-α release inhibitors. Both the resultant CoMFA and CoMSIA models exhibited satisfactory predictability (with Q2 (cross-validated correlation coefficient) = 0.557, R2ncv (non-cross-validated correlation coefficient) = 0.740, R2pre (predicted correlation coefficient) = 0.749 and Q2 = 0.598, R2ncv = 0.767, R2pre = 0.860, respectively). Good consistency was observed between the 3D-QSAR models and the pharmacophore model that the hydrophobic interaction and hydrogen bonds play crucial roles in the mechanism of actions. The corresponding contour maps generated by these models provide more diverse information about the key intermolecular interactions of inhibitors with the surrounding environment. All these models have extended the understanding of imidazole-based compounds in the structure-activity relationship, and are useful for rational design and screening of novel 2-thioimidazole-based TNF-α release inhibitors. View Full-Text
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Wang, Y.; Wu, M.; Ai, C.; Wang, Y. Insight into the Structural Determinants of Imidazole Scaffold-Based Derivatives as TNF-α Release Inhibitors by in Silico Explorations. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 20118-20138.
Wang Y, Wu M, Ai C, Wang Y. Insight into the Structural Determinants of Imidazole Scaffold-Based Derivatives as TNF-α Release Inhibitors by in Silico Explorations. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015; 16(9):20118-20138.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wang, Yuan; Wu, Mingwei; Ai, Chunzhi; Wang, Yonghua. 2015. "Insight into the Structural Determinants of Imidazole Scaffold-Based Derivatives as TNF-α Release Inhibitors by in Silico Explorations." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 16, no. 9: 20118-20138.