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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(8), 20082-20094; doi:10.3390/ijms160820082

A Futile Redox Cycle Involving Neuroglobin Observed at Physiological Temperature

School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Charles J. Malemud
Received: 9 June 2015 / Revised: 1 August 2015 / Accepted: 9 August 2015 / Published: 24 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
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Abstract

Previous studies identifying the potential anti-apoptotic role of neuroglobin raise the question as to how cells might employ neuroglobin to avoid the apoptotic impact of acute hypoxia whilst also avoiding chronic enhancement of tumour formation. We show that under likely physiological conditions neuroglobin can take part in a futile redox cycle. Determination of the rate constants for each of the steps in the cycle allows us to mathematically model the steady state concentration of the active anti-apoptotic ferrous form of neuroglobin under various conditions. Under likely normal physiological conditions neuroglobin is shown to be present in the ferrous state at approximately 30% of its total cellular concentration. Under hypoxic conditions this rapidly rises to approximately 80%. Temporal analysis of this model indicates that the transition from low concentrations to high concentration of ferrous neuroglobin occurs on the seconds time scale. These findings indicate a potential control model for the anti-apoptotic activity of neuroglobin, under likely physiological conditions, whereby, in normoxic conditions, the anti-apoptotic activity of neuroglobin is maintained at a low level, whilst immediately a transition occurs to a hypoxic situation, as might arise during stroke, the anti-apoptotic activity is drastically increased. In this way the cell avoids unwanted increased oncogenic potential under normal conditions, but the rapid activation of neuroglobin provides anti-apoptotic protection in times of acute hypoxia. View Full-Text
Keywords: neuroglobin; oxygenation; modelling neuroglobin; oxygenation; modelling
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Liu, A.; Brittain, T. A Futile Redox Cycle Involving Neuroglobin Observed at Physiological Temperature. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 20082-20094.

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