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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(6), 12737-12752; doi:10.3390/ijms160612737

Detection of miR-33 Expression and the Verification of Its Target Genes in the Fatty Liver of Geese

College of Animal Science and Technology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Bing Yan
Received: 13 May 2015 / Revised: 25 May 2015 / Accepted: 29 May 2015 / Published: 5 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
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Abstract

Background: miRNAs are single-stranded, small RNA molecules with a length of 18–25 nucleotides. They bind to the 3′ untranslated regions of mRNA transcripts to reduce the translation of these transcripts or to cause their degradation. The roles of these molecules differ in biological processes, such as cell differentiation, proliferation, apoptosis and tumor genesis. miRNA-33 is encoded by the gene introns of proteins that bind sterol-regulatory elements. This molecule cooperates with these proteins to control cholesterol homeostasis, fatty acid levels and the genes that are related to the expression of fat metabolism. The examination of miR-33 expression and its target genes can promote the in-depth study of the miRNA regulation mechanism in the formation process of goose fatty liver and can lay a foundation for research into human fatty liver. Methodology/principal findings: (1) Through real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (TaqMan MicroRNA Assay), we detected the expression of miR-33 during the feeding of Landes geese. The expression level of miR-33 increases significantly in the liver after 19 days in comparison with the control group; (2) By using the bioinformatics software programs TargetScan, miRDB and miRCosm to predict the target genes of miR-33 according to laboratory prophase transcriptome results and references, we screen nine target genes: adenosine triphosphate binding cassette transporters A1, adenosine triphosphate binding cassette transporters G1, Neimann Pick C, carnitine O-octanoyltransferase (CROT), cyl-CoA dehydrogenase/3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase/enoyl-CoA hydratase, beta subunit (HADHB), AMP-activated protein kinase, alpha subunit 1 (AMPKα1), insulin receptor substrate 2, glutamic pyruvate transaminase and adipose differentiation-related protein. The dual luciferase reporter gene system in the CHO cell line verifies that CROT, HADHB and NPC1 are the target genes of miR-33 in geese. The inhibition rate of CROT is highest and reaches 70%; (3) The seed sequence (5′ 2–8 bases) is the acting site of miR-33. The two predicted target sites of CROT are the target sites of miR-33. Moreover, the predicted target site of HADHB and NPC1 is the target site of miR-33. Conclusions/significance: (1) After 19 days of overfeeding, the expression level of miR-33 increases significantly in the livers of geese; (2) CROT, HADHB and NPC1 are the target genes of miR-33 in geese. These genes determine the combined target site. View Full-Text
Keywords: miR-33; goose fatty liver; target gene; fat metabolism miR-33; goose fatty liver; target gene; fat metabolism
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Zheng, Y.; Jiang, S.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, R.; Gong, D. Detection of miR-33 Expression and the Verification of Its Target Genes in the Fatty Liver of Geese. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 12737-12752.

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