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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(4), 6978-7014; doi:10.3390/ijms16046978

A Review of Polyphenolics in Oak Woods

1
Center for Viticulture and Enology, College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
2
College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, China
3
College of Agronomy and Biotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100094, China
4
Institute of Food, Nutrition and Human Health, Massey University, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vladimír Křen
Received: 18 December 2014 / Revised: 12 February 2015 / Accepted: 13 February 2015 / Published: 27 March 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactive Phenolics and Polyphenols)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1192 KB, uploaded 27 March 2015]   |  

Abstract

Polyphenolics, which are ubiquitous in plants, currently are among the most studied phytochemicals because of their perceptible chemical properties and antioxidant activity. Oak barrels and their alternatives, which are widely used in winemaking nowadays, contribute polyphenolics to wines and are thought to play crucial roles in the development of wines during aging. This study summarizes the detailed information of polyphenolics in oak woods and their products by examining their structures and discussing their chemical reactions during wine aging. This paper evaluates the most recent developments in polyphenolic chemistry by summarizing their extraction, separation, and their identification by the use of chromatographic and spectral techniques. In addition, this paper also introduces polyphenol bioactive ingredients in other plant foods. View Full-Text
Keywords: oak; polyphenolics; structure; wine aging; analysis oak; polyphenolics; structure; wine aging; analysis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhang, B.; Cai, J.; Duan, C.-Q.; Reeves, M.J.; He, F. A Review of Polyphenolics in Oak Woods. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 6978-7014.

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