Effects of Heat Stress on Metabolite Accumulation and Composition, and Nutritional Properties of Durum Wheat Grain
AbstractDurum wheat (Triticum turgidum (L.) subsp. turgidum (L.) convar. durum (Desf.)) is momentous for human nutrition, and environmental stresses can strongly limit the expression of yield potential and affect the qualitative characteristics of the grain. The aim of this study was to determine how heat stress (five days at 37 °C) applied five days after flowering affects the nutritional composition, antioxidant capacity and metabolic profile of the grain of two durum wheat genotypes: “Primadur”, an elite cultivar with high yellow index, and “T1303”, an anthocyanin-rich purple cultivar. Qualitative traits and metabolite evaluation (by gas chromatography linked to mass spectrometry) were carried out on immature (14 days after flowering) and mature seeds. The effects of heat stress were genotype-dependent. Although some metabolites (e.g., sucrose, glycerol) increased in response to heat stress in both genotypes, clear differences were observed. Following the heat stress, there was a general increase in most of the analyzed metabolites in “Primadur”, with a general decrease in “T1303”. Heat shock applied early during seed development produced changes that were observed in immature seeds and also long-term effects that changed the qualitative and quantitative parameters of the mature grain. Therefore, short heat-stress treatments can affect the nutritional value of grain of different genotypes of durum wheat in different ways. View Full-Text
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de Leonardis, A.M.; Fragasso, M.; Beleggia, R.; Ficco, D.B.M.; de Vita, P.; Mastrangelo, A.M. Effects of Heat Stress on Metabolite Accumulation and Composition, and Nutritional Properties of Durum Wheat Grain. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 30382-30404.
de Leonardis AM, Fragasso M, Beleggia R, Ficco DBM, de Vita P, Mastrangelo AM. Effects of Heat Stress on Metabolite Accumulation and Composition, and Nutritional Properties of Durum Wheat Grain. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015; 16(12):30382-30404.Chicago/Turabian Style
de Leonardis, Anna M.; Fragasso, Mariagiovanna; Beleggia, Romina; Ficco, Donatella B.M.; de Vita, Pasquale; Mastrangelo, Anna M. 2015. "Effects of Heat Stress on Metabolite Accumulation and Composition, and Nutritional Properties of Durum Wheat Grain." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 16, no. 12: 30382-30404.