Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(8), 14269-14297; doi:10.3390/ijms150814269
Review

Expert Panel Workshop Consensus Statement on the Role of the Environment in the Development of Autoimmune Disease

1,* email, 2email, 3email, 4,5email, 6email, 7email, 8email and 9email
Received: 9 June 2014; in revised form: 31 July 2014 / Accepted: 4 August 2014 / Published: 15 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Toxicants and Autoimmune Disease)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Autoimmune diseases include 80 or more complex disorders characterized by self-reactive, pathologic immune responses in which genetic susceptibility is largely insufficient to determine disease onset. In September 2010, the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) organized an expert panel workshop to evaluate the role of environmental factors in autoimmune diseases, and the state of the science regarding relevant mechanisms, animal models, and human studies. The objective of the workshop was to analyze the existing data to identify conclusions that could be drawn regarding environmental exposures and autoimmunity and to identify critical knowledge gaps and areas of uncertainty for future study. This consensus document summarizes key findings from published workshop monographs on areas in which “confident” and “likely” assessments were made, with recommendations for further research. Transcribed notes and slides were reviewed to synthesize an overview on exposure assessment and questions addressed by interdisciplinary panels. Critical advances in the field of autoimmune disease research have been made in the past decade. Collaborative translational and interdisciplinary research is needed to elucidate the role of environmental factors in autoimmune diseases. A focus on exposure assessment methodology is needed to improve the effectiveness of human studies, and more experimental studies are needed to focus on causal mechanisms underlying observed associations of environmental factors with autoimmune disease in humans.
Keywords: National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (U.S.); consensus; autoimmune diseases; mechanisms; environmental exposures; epidemiology; exposure assessment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Parks, C.G.; Miller, F.W.; Pollard, K.M.; Selmi, C.; Germolec, D.; Joyce, K.; Rose, N.R.; Humble, M.C. Expert Panel Workshop Consensus Statement on the Role of the Environment in the Development of Autoimmune Disease. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 14269-14297.

AMA Style

Parks CG, Miller FW, Pollard KM, Selmi C, Germolec D, Joyce K, Rose NR, Humble MC. Expert Panel Workshop Consensus Statement on the Role of the Environment in the Development of Autoimmune Disease. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(8):14269-14297.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Parks, Christine G.; Miller, Frederick W.; Pollard, Kenneth M.; Selmi, Carlo; Germolec, Dori; Joyce, Kelly; Rose, Noel R.; Humble, Michael C. 2014. "Expert Panel Workshop Consensus Statement on the Role of the Environment in the Development of Autoimmune Disease." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 8: 14269-14297.


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