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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(8), 14122-14152; doi:10.3390/ijms150814122

Genetic Breeding and Diversity of the Genus Passiflora: Progress and Perspectives in Molecular and Genetic Studies

1
Laboratory of Applied Molecular Genetics, Department of Exact and Natural Sciences, State University of Southwest Bahia, Itapetinga 45700-000, Brazil
2
Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering Center, University of Campinas, CP 6010 Campinas, Campinas 13083-875, Brazil
3
Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, Cassava & Fruits, Cruz das Almas 44380-000, Brazil
4
Biotechnology and Genetic Center, Biological Sciences Department, State University of Santa Cruz, Ilhéus 45662-900, Brazil
5
Plant Biology Department, Biology Institute, University of Campinas, Campinas 13083-875, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 March 2014 / Revised: 12 June 2014 / Accepted: 30 June 2014 / Published: 14 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
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Abstract

Despite the ecological and economic importance of passion fruit (Passiflora spp.), molecular markers have only recently been utilized in genetic studies of this genus. In addition, both basic genetic researches related to population studies and pre-breeding programs of passion fruit remain scarce for most Passiflora species. Considering the number of Passiflora species and the increasing use of these species as a resource for ornamental, medicinal, and food purposes, the aims of this review are the following: (i) to present the current condition of the passion fruit crop; (ii) to quantify the applications and effects of using molecular markers in studies of Passiflora; (iii) to present the contributions of genetic engineering for passion fruit culture; and (iv) to discuss the progress and perspectives of this research. Thus, the present review aims to summarize and discuss the relationship between historical and current progress on the culture, breeding, and molecular genetics of passion fruit. View Full-Text
Keywords: active germplasm banks; genetic diversity; genetic engineering; molecular marker; passion fruit breeding; population genetics active germplasm banks; genetic diversity; genetic engineering; molecular marker; passion fruit breeding; population genetics
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Cerqueira-Silva, C.B.M.; Jesus, O.N.; Santos, E.S.L.; Corrêa, R.X.; Souza, A.P. Genetic Breeding and Diversity of the Genus Passiflora: Progress and Perspectives in Molecular and Genetic Studies. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 14122-14152.

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