Abstract: Protein–protein interactions are important for the molecular understanding of the biological processes of proteins. The dimerization of bZIPs (basic leucine zipper proteins) is involved in modifying binding site specificities, altering dimer stability, and permitting a new set of specific protein-to-protein interactions to occur at the promoter. In the present study, we studied the whether ThbZIP1 form homo- and heterodimers using the yeast two-hybrid method. Five bZIP genes were cloned from Tamarix hispida to investigate their interaction with ThbZIP1. Our results showed that ThbZIP1 can form homodimers with itself, and three out of five bZIPs could interact with the ThbZIP1 protein to form heterodimers. Real-time RT-PCR results suggested that these ThbZIPs can all respond to abiotic stresses and abscisic acid (ABA), and shared very similar expression patterns in response to NaCl, ABA or PEG6000. Subcellular localization studies showed that all ThbZIPs are targeted to the nucleus. Our results showed that ThbZIP1 are dimeric proteins, which can form homo- or heterodimers.
Keywords: bZIP (basic leucine zipper proteins) transcription factors; heterodimerization; protein–protein interaction; two-hybrid analysis; Tamarix hispida
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Nie, X.; Ji, X.; Liu, Y.; Zheng, L.; Wang, Y. Elucidation of the Specific Formation of Homo- and Heterodimeric Forms of ThbZIP1 and Its Role in Stress. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 10005-10017.
Nie X, Ji X, Liu Y, Zheng L, Wang Y. Elucidation of the Specific Formation of Homo- and Heterodimeric Forms of ThbZIP1 and Its Role in Stress. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(6):10005-10017.
Nie, Xianguang; Ji, Xiaoyu; Liu, Yujia; Zheng, Lei; Wang, Yucheng. 2014. "Elucidation of the Specific Formation of Homo- and Heterodimeric Forms of ThbZIP1 and Its Role in Stress." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 6: 10005-10017.