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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(5), 8878-8892; doi:10.3390/ijms15058878

Marine Microbial Metagenomics: From Individual to the Environment

1
Bioinformatics Program, Taiwan International Graduate Program, Institute of Information Science, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan
2
Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan
3
Institute of Biomedical Informatics, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 11221, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 March 2014 / Revised: 29 April 2014 / Accepted: 8 May 2014 / Published: 19 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metagenomics: a Powerful Lens Viewing the Microbial World)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [222 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]   |  

Abstract

Microbes are the most abundant biological entities on earth, therefore, studying them is important for understanding their roles in global ecology. The science of metagenomics is a relatively young field of research that has enjoyed significant effort since its inception in 1998. Studies using next-generation sequencing techniques on single genomes and collections of genomes have not only led to novel insights into microbial genomics, but also revealed a close association between environmental niches and genome evolution. Herein, we review studies investigating microbial genomics (largely in the marine ecosystem) at the individual and community levels to summarize our current understanding of microbial ecology in the environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: bacteria; environmental genomics; metagenomics; microbial ecology bacteria; environmental genomics; metagenomics; microbial ecology
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Tseng, C.-H.; Tang, S.-L. Marine Microbial Metagenomics: From Individual to the Environment. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 8878-8892.

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