Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(4), 5730-5748; doi:10.3390/ijms15045730
Article

Genome-Wide Identification, Evolution and Expression Analysis of the Grape (Vitis vinifera L.) Zinc Finger-Homeodomain Gene Family

1,2,†email, 1,2,†email, 1,2email, 1,2email, 3email, 1,2email, 4email and 1,2,* email
Received: 28 December 2013; in revised form: 15 March 2014 / Accepted: 25 March 2014 / Published: 3 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics)
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Abstract: Plant zinc finger-homeodomain (ZHD) genes encode a family of transcription factors that have been demonstrated to play an important role in the regulation of plant growth and development. In this study, we identified a total of 13 ZHD genes (VvZHD) in the grape genome that were further classified into at least seven groups. Genome synteny analysis revealed that a number of VvZHD genes were present in the corresponding syntenic blocks of Arabidopsis, indicating that they arose before the divergence of these two species. Gene expression analysis showed that the identified VvZHD genes displayed distinct spatiotemporal expression patterns, and were differentially regulated under various stress conditions and hormone treatments, suggesting that the grape VvZHDs might be also involved in plant response to a variety of biotic and abiotic insults. Our work provides insightful information and knowledge about the ZHD genes in grape, which provides a framework for further characterization of their roles in regulation of stress tolerance as well as other aspects of grape productivity.
Keywords: synteny analysis; phylogenetic analysis; gene expression; grape; zinc finger-homeodomain
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, H.; Yin, X.; Li, X.; Wang, L.; Zheng, Y.; Xu, X.; Zhang, Y.; Wang, X. Genome-Wide Identification, Evolution and Expression Analysis of the Grape (Vitis vinifera L.) Zinc Finger-Homeodomain Gene Family. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 5730-5748.

AMA Style

Wang H, Yin X, Li X, Wang L, Zheng Y, Xu X, Zhang Y, Wang X. Genome-Wide Identification, Evolution and Expression Analysis of the Grape (Vitis vinifera L.) Zinc Finger-Homeodomain Gene Family. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(4):5730-5748.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Hao; Yin, Xiangjing; Li, Xiaoqin; Wang, Li; Zheng, Yi; Xu, Xiaozhao; Zhang, Yucheng; Wang, Xiping. 2014. "Genome-Wide Identification, Evolution and Expression Analysis of the Grape (Vitis vinifera L.) Zinc Finger-Homeodomain Gene Family." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 4: 5730-5748.


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