Abstract: Chinese Kunming mice (Mus musculus Km), widely used as laboratory animals throughout China, remain very refractory for embryonic stem (ES) cell isolation. The present study was aimed to evaluate the effects of hybridization with 129/Sv mice, and culture media containing fetal bovine serum (FBS) or Knockout serum replacement (KSR) on ES cell isolation from Kunming mice. The results demonstrated that ES cells had been effectively isolated from the hybrid embryos of Kunming and 129/Sv mice using all three media containing 15% FBS, 15% KSR and their mixture of 14% KSR and 1% FBS, individually. These isolated ES cells had maintained in vitro undifferentiated for a long time, exhibiting all features specific for mouse ES cells. In addition, the rates of ES cell isolation in the medium containing 14% KSR and 1% FBS, was 46.67% and significantly higher than those in another two media containing only FBS or KSR (p < 0.05). Contrarily, no ES cell line had been established from Kunming mouse inbred embryos using the same protocols. These results suggested that ES cells with long-term self-renewal ability could be efficiently generated from hybrid embryos of Kunming and 129/Sv mice, and a small volume of FBS was necessary to isolate ES cells in the KSR medium when embryos and early ES cells cultured.
Keywords: Chinese Kunming mouse (Mus musculus Km); 129/Sv mouse; hybrid embryos; embryonic stem (ES) cells
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Yu, S.; Yan, X.; Liu, H.; Cai, X.; Cao, S.; Shen, L.; Zuo, Z.; Deng, J.; Ma, X.; Wang, Y.; Ren, Z. Improved Establishment of Embryonic Stem (ES) Cell Lines from the Chinese Kunming Mice by Hybridization with 129 Mice. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 3389-3402.
Yu S, Yan X, Liu H, Cai X, Cao S, Shen L, Zuo Z, Deng J, Ma X, Wang Y, Ren Z. Improved Establishment of Embryonic Stem (ES) Cell Lines from the Chinese Kunming Mice by Hybridization with 129 Mice. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(3):3389-3402.
Yu, Shumin; Yan, Xingrong; Liu, Huanhuan; Cai, Xin; Cao, Suizhong; Shen, Liuhong; Zuo, Zhicai; Deng, Junliang; Ma, Xiaoping; Wang, Ya; Ren, Zhihua. 2014. "Improved Establishment of Embryonic Stem (ES) Cell Lines from the Chinese Kunming Mice by Hybridization with 129 Mice." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 3: 3389-3402.