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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(2), 2929-2945; doi:10.3390/ijms15022929

Three Basic Residues of Intracellular Loop 3 of the Beta-1 Adrenergic Receptor Are Required for Golgin-160-Dependent Trafficking

Received: 6 December 2013 / Revised: 24 January 2014 / Accepted: 12 February 2014 / Published: 20 February 2014
(This article belongs to the collection G Protein-Coupled Receptor Signaling and Regulation)
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Golgin-160 is a member of the golgin family of proteins, which have been implicated in the maintenance of Golgi structure and in vesicle tethering. Golgin-160 is atypical; it promotes post-Golgi trafficking of specific cargo proteins, including the β-1 adrenergic receptor (β1AR), a G protein-coupled receptor. Here we show that golgin-160 binds directly to the third intracellular loop of β1AR and that this binding depends on three basic residues in this loop. Mutation of the basic residues does not affect trafficking of β1AR from the endoplasmic reticulum through the Golgi complex, but results in reduced steady-state levels at the plasma membrane. We hypothesize that golgin-160 promotes incorporation of β1AR into specific transport carriers at the trans-Golgi network to ensure efficient delivery to the cell surface. These results add to our understanding of the biogenesis of β1AR, and suggest a novel point of regulation for its delivery to the plasma membrane.
Keywords: β-1 adrenergic receptor; Golgi complex; golgin-160; trafficking β-1 adrenergic receptor; Golgi complex; golgin-160; trafficking
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Gilbert, C.E.; Zuckerman, D.M.; Currier, P.L.; Machamer, C.E. Three Basic Residues of Intracellular Loop 3 of the Beta-1 Adrenergic Receptor Are Required for Golgin-160-Dependent Trafficking. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 2929-2945.

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Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert