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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(2), 2400-2412; doi:10.3390/ijms15022400
Article

Characterization of a Low Shrinkage Dental Composite Containing Bismethylene Spiroorthocarbonate Expanding Monomer

1
, 2
, 2
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 and 2,*
1 Department of Prosthodontics, Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266003, Shandong, China 2 State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan, China 3 Department of Dental Materials, West China Collage of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 October 2013 / Revised: 15 January 2014 / Accepted: 24 January 2014 / Published: 10 February 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Material Sciences and Nanotechnology)
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Abstract

In this study, a novel dental composite based on the unsaturated bismethylene spiroorthocarbonate expanding monomer 3,9-dimethylene-1,3,5,7-tetraoxa-spiro[5,5]undecane (BMSOC) and bisphenol-S-bis(3-meth acrylate-2-hydroxypropyl)ether (BisS-GMA) was prepared. CQ (camphorquinone) of 1 wt % and DMAEMA (2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) of 2 wt % were used in a photoinitiation system to initiate the copolymerization of the matrix resins. Distilled water contact angle measurements were performed for the wettability measurement. Degree of conversion, volumetric shrinkage, contraction stress and compressive strength were measured using Fourier Transformation Infrared-FTIR spectroscopy, the AccuVol and a universal testing machine, respectively. Within the limitations of this study, it can be concluded that the resin composites modified by bismethylene spiroorthocarbonate and BisS-GMA showed a low volumetric shrinkage at 1.25% and a higher contact angle. The lower contraction stress, higher degree of conversion and compressive strength of the novel dental composites were also observed.
Keywords: unsaturated bismethylene spiroorthocarbonate; dental composites; compressive strength; volumetric shrinkage; contraction stress unsaturated bismethylene spiroorthocarbonate; dental composites; compressive strength; volumetric shrinkage; contraction stress
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Fu, J.; Liu, W.; Hao, Z.; Wu, X.; Yin, J.; Panjiyar, A.; Liu, X.; Shen, J.; Wang, H. Characterization of a Low Shrinkage Dental Composite Containing Bismethylene Spiroorthocarbonate Expanding Monomer. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 2400-2412.

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