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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(2), 1826-1841; doi:10.3390/ijms15021826

Exploring the Molecular Basis for Selective Binding of Homoserine Dehydrogenase from Mycobacterium leprae TN toward Inhibitors: A Virtual Screening Study

Key Laboratory for Molecular Enzymology and Engineering of Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun 130023, China
College of Food Science and Engineering, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 November 2013 / Revised: 14 January 2014 / Accepted: 15 January 2014 / Published: 24 January 2014
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Homoserine dehydrogenase (HSD) from Mycobacterium leprae TN is an antifungal target for antifungal properties including efficacy against the human pathogen. The 3D structure of HSD has been firmly established by homology modeling methods. Using the template, homoserine dehydrogenase from Thiobacillus denitrificans (PDB Id 3MTJ), a sequence identity of 40% was found and molecular dynamics simulation was used to optimize a reliable structure. The substrate and co-factor-binding regions in HSD were identified. In order to determine the important residues of the substrate (l-aspartate semialdehyde (l-ASA)) binding, the ASA was docked to the protein; Thr163, Asp198, and Glu192 may be important because they form a hydrogen bond with HSD through AutoDock 4.2 software. neuraminidaseAfter use of a virtual screening technique of HSD, the four top-scoring docking hits all seemed to cation–π ion pair with the key recognition residue Lys107, and Lys207. These ligands therefore seemed to be new chemotypes for HSD. Our results may be helpful for further experimental investigations.
Keywords: homology modeling; molecular dynamic; virtual screening; docking homology modeling; molecular dynamic; virtual screening; docking

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Zhan, D.; Wang, D.; Min, W.; Han, W. Exploring the Molecular Basis for Selective Binding of Homoserine Dehydrogenase from Mycobacterium leprae TN toward Inhibitors: A Virtual Screening Study. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 1826-1841.

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