Hepatoma-Derived Growth Factor Upregulation Is Correlated with Prognostic Factors of Early-Stage Cervical Adenocarcinoma
AbstractHepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) is a unique nuclear/growth factor that plays an important role in the progression of different types of cancer. A total of 63 patients with early-stage cervical adenocarcinoma (Cx) were enrolled in this retrospective study. The expression of HDGF was significantly increased compared with adjacent non-tumor tissue samples (p < 0.001). Moreover, elevated nuclear HDGF levels were correlated with lymph-vascular space invasion (LVSI; p < 0.05), lymph node metastasis (LNM; p < 0.001), recurrence (p < 0.001) and advanced grade (AG; p < 0.001). The growth of cervical cancer cells (Hela cells) was enhanced by HDGF treatment. The HDGF mRNA and protein level were significantly higher in malignant cervical cancer cells compared with primary ones. By adenovirus gene delivery, HDGF overexpression enhanced, whereas HDGF knockdown perturbed the tumorigenic behaviors of cervical cancer cells. HDGF overexpression is common in early-stage cervical adenocarcinoma and is involved in the carcinogenesis of cervical adenocarcinoma. Cytoplasmic HDGF expression is strongly correlated with pelvic lymph node metastasis and recurrence, indicating that HDGF may serve as a novel prognostic marker for patients with Cx. View Full-Text
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Tsai, C.-C.; Huang, S.-C.; Tai, M.H.; Chien, C.-C.C.; Huang, C.-C.; Hsu, Y.-C. Hepatoma-Derived Growth Factor Upregulation Is Correlated with Prognostic Factors of Early-Stage Cervical Adenocarcinoma. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 21492-21504.
Tsai C-C, Huang S-C, Tai MH, Chien C-CC, Huang C-C, Hsu Y-C. Hepatoma-Derived Growth Factor Upregulation Is Correlated with Prognostic Factors of Early-Stage Cervical Adenocarcinoma. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(11):21492-21504.Chicago/Turabian Style
Tsai, Ching-Chou; Huang, Shun-Chen; Tai, Ming H.; Chien, Chan-Chao C.; Huang, Chao-Cheng; Hsu, Yi-Chiang. 2014. "Hepatoma-Derived Growth Factor Upregulation Is Correlated with Prognostic Factors of Early-Stage Cervical Adenocarcinoma." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 11: 21492-21504.