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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(11), 21179-21201; doi:10.3390/ijms151121179

The Stability of G6PD Is Affected by Mutations with Different Clinical Phenotypes

1
Laboratorio de Bioquímica Genética, Instituto Nacional de Pediatría, México D.F. 04530, Mexico
2
Departamento de Biología Molecular y Biotecnología, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México D.F. 04510, Mexico
3
CONACyT, Instituto Nacional de Pediatría, México D.F. 04530, Mexico
4
Departamento de Bioquímica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México D.F. 04510, Mexico
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 October 2014 / Revised: 28 October 2014 / Accepted: 3 November 2014 / Published: 17 November 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
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Abstract

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is the most common enzyme deficiency worldwide, causing a wide spectrum of conditions with severity classified from the mildest (Class IV) to the most severe (Class I). To correlate mutation sites in the G6PD with the resulting phenotypes, we studied four naturally occurring G6PD variants: Yucatan, Nashville, Valladolid and Mexico City. For this purpose, we developed a successful over-expression method that constitutes an easier and more precise method for obtaining and characterizing these enzymes. The kcat (catalytic constant) of all the studied variants was lower than in the wild-type. The structural rigidity might be the cause and the most evident consequence of the mutations is their impact on protein stability and folding, as can be observed from the protein yield, the T50 (temperature where 50% of its original activity is retained) values, and differences on hydrophobic regions. The mutations corresponding to more severe phenotypes are related to the structural NADP+ region. This was clearly observed for the Classes III and II variants, which became more thermostable with increasing NADP+, whereas the Class I variants remained thermolabile. The mutations produce repulsive electric charges that, in the case of the Yucatan variant, promote increased disorder of the C-terminus and consequently affect the binding of NADP+, leading to enzyme instability. View Full-Text
Keywords: glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency; variants; recombinant G6PD enzymes; G6PD-deficient E. coli; protein stability; thermostability; structural characterization; structural NADP+ glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency; variants; recombinant G6PD enzymes; G6PD-deficient E. coli; protein stability; thermostability; structural characterization; structural NADP+
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Gómez-Manzo, S.; Terrón-Hernández, J.; De la Mora-De la Mora, I.; González-Valdez, A.; Marcial-Quino, J.; García-Torres, I.; Vanoye-Carlo, A.; López-Velázquez, G.; Hernández-Alcántara, G.; Oria-Hernández, J.; Reyes-Vivas, H.; Enríquez-Flores, S. The Stability of G6PD Is Affected by Mutations with Different Clinical Phenotypes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 21179-21201.

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