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Genome-Wide Analysis of the Cyclin Gene Family in Tomato
Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Biology, Ministry of Education, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 October 2013; in revised form: 16 December 2013 / Accepted: 16 December 2013 / Published: 23 December 2013
Abstract: Cyclins play important roles in cell division and cell expansion. They also interact with cyclin-dependent kinases to control cell cycle progression in plants. Our genome-wide analysis identified 52 expressed cyclin genes in tomato. Phylogenetic analysis of the deduced amino sequences of tomato and Arabidopsis cyclin genes divided them into 10 types, A-, B-, C-, D-, H-, L-, T-, U-, SDS- and J18. Pfam analysis indicated that most tomato cyclins contain a cyclin-N domain. C-, H- and J18 types only contain a cyclin-C domain, and U-type cyclins contain another potential cyclin domain. All of the cyclin genes are distributed throughout the tomato genome except for chromosome 8, and 30 of them were found to be segmentally duplicated; they are found on the duplicate segments of chromosome 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 11 and 12, suggesting that tomato cyclin genes experienced a mass of segmental duplication. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis indicates that the expression patterns of tomato cyclin genes were significantly different in vegetative and reproductive stages. Transcription of most cyclin genes can be enhanced or repressed by exogenous application of gibberellin, which implies that gibberellin maybe a direct regulator of cyclin genes. The study presented here may be useful as a guide for further functional research on tomato cyclins.
Keywords: cyclin; tomato; phylogenetic analysis; gene duplication; gene expression; gibberellin
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MDPI and ACS Style
Zhang, T.; Wang, X.; Lu, Y.; Cai, X.; Ye, Z.; Zhang, J. Genome-Wide Analysis of the Cyclin Gene Family in Tomato. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 120-140.
Zhang T, Wang X, Lu Y, Cai X, Ye Z, Zhang J. Genome-Wide Analysis of the Cyclin Gene Family in Tomato. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(1):120-140.
Zhang, Tingyan; Wang, Xin; Lu, Yongen; Cai, Xiaofeng; Ye, Zhibiao; Zhang, Junhong. 2014. "Genome-Wide Analysis of the Cyclin Gene Family in Tomato." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 1: 120-140.