Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14(9), 18457-18469; doi:10.3390/ijms140918457
Article

Ibuprofen Rescues Abnormalities in Periodontal Tissues in Conditional Presenilin 1 and Presenilin 2 Double Knockout Mice

1,†,* email, 1,†email, 2email and 2,* email
Received: 17 June 2013; in revised form: 16 August 2013 / Accepted: 26 August 2013 / Published: 6 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Pathology)
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Abstract: We used forebrain-specific conditional presenilin 1 (PS1) and presenilin 2 (PS2) double knockout mice (dKO mice) that exhibit symptoms of neurodegenerative diseases, especially Alzheimer’s disease, to investigate whether ibuprofen can rescue brain and periodontal tissue abnormalities by attenuating the inflammatory response. Mandibles were dissected for alveolar bone-height analysis. Maxillae were fixed and decalcified for histological observation and osteoclast detection. ELISA measurements from the hippocampus, cortex, and gingiva of the mandibular incisor teeth were used to assay inflammatory mediators. We confirmed periodontal tissue abnormalities and inflammatory responses in brain and periodontal tissues in naive nine- and 12-month-old dKO mice. The other two groups of age-matched dKO mice that received 375-ppm ibuprofen treatment for six consecutive months exhibited significantly attenuated damage in periodontal tissues and reduction in several inflammation-related factors in brain and periodontal tissues. Our findings showed that the anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen significantly decreased inflammation through the cyclooxygenase (COX) pathway in brain and periodontal tissues in dKO mice, and then attenuated abnormalities in periodontal tissues. This suggests that ibuprofen could be an ideal drug for preventing both nervous system and periodontal tissue damage caused by inflammatory responses.
Keywords: ibuprofen; presenilins; inflammatory response; periodontal tissues
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Su, J.; Gu, J.; Dong, Z.; Mei, B. Ibuprofen Rescues Abnormalities in Periodontal Tissues in Conditional Presenilin 1 and Presenilin 2 Double Knockout Mice. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 18457-18469.

AMA Style

Su J, Gu J, Dong Z, Mei B. Ibuprofen Rescues Abnormalities in Periodontal Tissues in Conditional Presenilin 1 and Presenilin 2 Double Knockout Mice. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(9):18457-18469.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Su, Jiansheng; Gu, Jiamei; Dong, Zhuo; Mei, Bing. 2013. "Ibuprofen Rescues Abnormalities in Periodontal Tissues in Conditional Presenilin 1 and Presenilin 2 Double Knockout Mice." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, no. 9: 18457-18469.


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