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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14(6), 12123-12137; doi:10.3390/ijms140612123
Review

Candidate Biomarkers for Genetic and Clinicopathological Diagnosis of Endometrial Cancer

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Received: 27 February 2013; in revised form: 15 May 2013 / Accepted: 20 May 2013 / Published: 6 June 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Cancer Diagnosis)
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Abstract: The recent increase in the frequency of endometrial cancer has emphasized the need for accurate diagnosis and improved treatment. The current diagnosis is still based on conventional pathological indicators, such as clinical stage, tumor differentiation, invasion depth and vascular invasion. However, the genetic mechanisms underlying endometrial cancer have gradually been determined, due to developments in molecular biology, leading to the possibility of new methods of diagnosis and treatment planning. New candidate biomarkers for endometrial cancer include those for molecular epigenetic mutations, such as microRNAs. These biomarkers may permit earlier detection of endometrial cancer and prediction of outcomes and are likely to contribute to future personalized therapy for endometrial cancer.
Keywords: endometrial cancer; microsatellite instability; MSH6; DNA hypermethylation; CHFR; microRNA; Lynch syndrome; PTEN; K-ras; CA125 endometrial cancer; microsatellite instability; MSH6; DNA hypermethylation; CHFR; microRNA; Lynch syndrome; PTEN; K-ras; CA125
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Banno, K.; Nogami, Y.; Kisu, I.; Yanokura, M.; Umene, K.; Masuda, K.; Kobayashi, Y.; Yamagami, W.; Susumu, N.; Aoki, D. Candidate Biomarkers for Genetic and Clinicopathological Diagnosis of Endometrial Cancer. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 12123-12137.

AMA Style

Banno K, Nogami Y, Kisu I, Yanokura M, Umene K, Masuda K, Kobayashi Y, Yamagami W, Susumu N, Aoki D. Candidate Biomarkers for Genetic and Clinicopathological Diagnosis of Endometrial Cancer. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(6):12123-12137.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Banno, Kouji; Nogami, Yuya; Kisu, Iori; Yanokura, Megumi; Umene, Kiyoko; Masuda, Kenta; Kobayashi, Yusuke; Yamagami, Wataru; Susumu, Nobuyuki; Aoki, Daisuke. 2013. "Candidate Biomarkers for Genetic and Clinicopathological Diagnosis of Endometrial Cancer." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, no. 6: 12123-12137.



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