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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14(12), 23922-23940; doi:10.3390/ijms141223922
Article

Visual Detection and Evaluation of Latent and Lytic Gene Expression during Epstein-Barr Virus Infection Using One-Step Reverse Transcription Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification

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Received: 24 September 2013; in revised form: 1 December 2013 / Accepted: 2 December 2013 / Published: 9 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Pathology)
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Abstract: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated disease exhibits distinct gene expression patterns characterized by the transcription of EBV nuclear antigen (EBNA) 1, EBNA2, latent membrane protein (LMP) 1, LMP2A, and BZLF1 (Zebra). A series of visual reverse transcript loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assays were performed to examine the expression of EBNA1, EBNA2, LMP1, LMP2A and BZLF1. The sensitivity of RT-LAMP for these transcripts was approximately equivalent to real-time RT-PCR (RT-qPCR), which was developed to quantify relative levels of EBV transcripts, and 10 to 100-fold more sensitive than conventional RT-PCR. Cross-reactions to other viruses were not observed upon examination of cell lines infected with herpes simplex viruses-1 and -2 (HSV-1 and -2), varicella zoster virus (VZV), human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) or Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus. When applied to 146 specimens, RT-LAMP exhibited high clinical sensitivity and specificity, with an excellent agreement (κ > 0.92) compared to RT-qPCR. These assays are convenient for rapid early diagnosis and for surveillance of EBV-infected individuals by evaluating the EBV transcriptional profile, because the results can be visualized with the naked eye. These assays may be employed in further investigations because they can aid the design of improved therapeutic regimens and can be used specifically in resource-poor settings.
Keywords: EBV; latent/lytic transcripts; RT-LAMP; visual detection EBV; latent/lytic transcripts; RT-LAMP; visual detection
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, X.; Tang, J.; Wang, M.; Ma, Q.; Wang, Y. Visual Detection and Evaluation of Latent and Lytic Gene Expression during Epstein-Barr Virus Infection Using One-Step Reverse Transcription Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 23922-23940.

AMA Style

Liu X, Tang J, Wang M, Ma Q, Wang Y. Visual Detection and Evaluation of Latent and Lytic Gene Expression during Epstein-Barr Virus Infection Using One-Step Reverse Transcription Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(12):23922-23940.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Xiaoying; Tang, Jingfeng; Wang, Man; Ma, Qiang; Wang, Yefu. 2013. "Visual Detection and Evaluation of Latent and Lytic Gene Expression during Epstein-Barr Virus Infection Using One-Step Reverse Transcription Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, no. 12: 23922-23940.


Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert