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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14(11), 21435-21446; doi:10.3390/ijms141121435
Article

Glycosyltransferase GLT8D2 Positively Regulates ApoB100 Protein Expression in Hepatocytes

1,†
, 2,3,†
, 3
, 3
 and 3,*
Received: 18 July 2013; in revised form: 11 September 2013 / Accepted: 12 September 2013 / Published: 29 October 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Research)
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Abstract: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is characterized by triglyceride (TG) accumulation in hepatocytes. Very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) is a major secretory product of the liver that transports endogenously synthesized TG. Disrupted VLDL secretion may contribute to the accumulation of TG in hepatocytes. ApoB100 (apolipoprotein B100) is a glycoprotein and an essential protein component of VLDL. Its glycosylation may affect VLDL assembly and secretion. However, which glycosyltransferase catalyzes apoB100 glycosylation is unknown. In this study, we cloned the GLT8D2 (glycosyltransferase 8 domain containing 2) gene from HepG2 cells and generated a series of plasmids for in vitro studies of its molecular functions. We discovered that GLT8D2 was localized in the ER, interacted with apoB100, and positively regulated the levels of apoB100 protein in HepG2 cells. Based on these results, we propose that GLT8D2 is a glycosyltransferase of apoB100 that regulates apoB100 levels in hepatocytes.
Keywords: non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; glycosyltransferase; GLT8D2; apoB100 non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; glycosyltransferase; GLT8D2; apoB100
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wei, H.-S.; Wei, H.-L.; Zhao, F.; Zhong, L.-P.; Zhan, Y.-T. Glycosyltransferase GLT8D2 Positively Regulates ApoB100 Protein Expression in Hepatocytes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 21435-21446.

AMA Style

Wei H-S, Wei H-L, Zhao F, Zhong L-P, Zhan Y-T. Glycosyltransferase GLT8D2 Positively Regulates ApoB100 Protein Expression in Hepatocytes. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(11):21435-21446.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wei, Hong-Shan; Wei, Hong-Lian; Zhao, Fei; Zhong, Le-Ping; Zhan, Yu-Tao. 2013. "Glycosyltransferase GLT8D2 Positively Regulates ApoB100 Protein Expression in Hepatocytes." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, no. 11: 21435-21446.


Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert