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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(9), 11000-11011; doi:10.3390/ijms130911000

Multiscale Models of the Antimicrobial Peptide Protegrin-1 on Gram-Negative Bacteria Membranes

Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Minnesota, 421 Washington Ave SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
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Received: 26 July 2012 / Revised: 15 August 2012 / Accepted: 22 August 2012 / Published: 5 September 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Biomolecular Simulation)
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Abstract

Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are naturally-occurring molecules that exhibit strong antibiotic properties against numerous infectious bacterial strains. Because of their unique mechanism of action, they have been touted as a potential source for novel antibiotic drugs. We present a summary of computational investigations in our lab aimed at understanding this unique mechanism of action, in particular the development of models that provide a quantitative connection between molecular-level biophysical phenomena and relevant biological effects. Our work is focused on protegrins, a potent class of AMPs that attack bacteria by associating with the bacterial membrane and forming transmembrane pores that facilitate the unrestricted transport of ions. Using fully atomistic molecular dynamics simulations, we have computed the thermodynamics of peptide-membrane association and insertion, as well as peptide aggregation. We also present a multi-scale analysis of the ion transport properties of protegrin pores, ranging from atomistic molecular dynamics simulations to mesoscale continuum models of single-pore electrodiffusion to models of transient ion transport from bacterial cells. Overall, this work provides a quantitative mechanistic description of the mechanism of action of protegrin antimicrobial peptides across multiple length and time scales. View Full-Text
Keywords: antimicrobial peptides; peptide-membrane interactions; ion transport; protegrin; multiscale models; molecular simulations antimicrobial peptides; peptide-membrane interactions; ion transport; protegrin; multiscale models; molecular simulations
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bolintineanu, D.S.; Vivcharuk, V.; Kaznessis, Y.N. Multiscale Models of the Antimicrobial Peptide Protegrin-1 on Gram-Negative Bacteria Membranes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 11000-11011.

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