Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(5), 5706-5714; doi:10.3390/ijms13055706
Article

Characterization of CdTe Films Deposited at Various Bath Temperatures and Concentrations Using Electrophoretic Deposition

1 Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia 2 Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia 3 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 December 2011; in revised form: 13 April 2012 / Accepted: 24 April 2012 / Published: 11 May 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Material Sciences and Nanotechnology)
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [1136 KB, uploaded 11 May 2012 11:36 CEST]
Abstract: CdTe film was deposited using the electrophoretic deposition technique onto an ITO glass at various bath temperatures. Four batch film compositions were used by mixing 1 to 4 wt% concentration of CdTe powder with 10 mL of a solution of methanol and toluene. X-ray Diffraction analysis showed that the films exhibited polycrystalline nature of zinc-blende structure with the (111) orientation as the most prominent peak. From the Atomic Force Microscopy, the thickness and surface roughness of the CdTe film increased with the increase of CdTe concentration. The optical energy band gap of film decreased with the increase of CdTe concentration, and with the increase of isothermal bath temperature. The film thickness increased with respect to the increase of CdTe concentration and bath temperature, and following, the numerical expression for the film thickness with respect to these two variables has been established.
Keywords: electrophoretic deposition; cadmium telluride; optical properties; numerical expression

Article Statistics

Load and display the download statistics.

Citations to this Article

Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Daud, M.N.M.; Zakaria, A.; Jafari, A.; Ghazali, M.S.M.; Abdullah, W.R.W.; Zainal, Z. Characterization of CdTe Films Deposited at Various Bath Temperatures and Concentrations Using Electrophoretic Deposition. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 5706-5714.

AMA Style

Daud MNM, Zakaria A, Jafari A, Ghazali MSM, Abdullah WRW, Zainal Z. Characterization of CdTe Films Deposited at Various Bath Temperatures and Concentrations Using Electrophoretic Deposition. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(5):5706-5714.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Daud, Mohd Norizam Md; Zakaria, Azmi; Jafari, Atefeh; Ghazali, Mohd Sabri Mohd; Abdullah, Wan Rafizah Wan; Zainal, Zulkarnain. 2012. "Characterization of CdTe Films Deposited at Various Bath Temperatures and Concentrations Using Electrophoretic Deposition." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 5: 5706-5714.

Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert