Next Article in Journal
Previous Article in Journal
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(3), 2551-2562; doi:10.3390/ijms13032551
Article

Primary Study for the Therapeutic Dose and Time Window of Picroside II in Treating Cerebral Ischemic Injury in Rats

1
, 1
, 2
, 1
, 2,* , 3
 and 4
Received: 30 December 2011; in revised form: 15 February 2012 / Accepted: 16 February 2012 / Published: 23 February 2012
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [141 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: The aim of this study was to explore the optimal therapeutic dose and time window of picroside II for treating cerebral ischemic injury in rats according to the orthogonal test. The middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) models were established by intraluminally inserting a thread into middle cerebral artery (MCA) from left external carotid artery (ECA). The successful rat models were randomly divided into 16 groups according to the orthogonal layout of [L16(45)] and treated by injecting picroside II intraperitoneally with different doses at various times. The neurological behavioral function was evaluated by Bederson’s test and the cerebral infarction volume was measured by tetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining. The expressions of neuron specific enolase (NSE) and neuroglial mark-protein S-100 were determined by immunohistochemisty assay. The results indicated that the optimal compositions of the therapeutic dose and time window of picroside II in treating cerebral ischemic injury were ischemia 1.5 h with 20 mg/kg body weight according to Bederson’s test, 1.0 h with 20 mg/kg body weight according to cerebral infarction volume, 1.5 h with 20 mg/kg body weight according to the expressions of NSE and S-100 respectively. Based on the principle of the minimization of medication dose and maximization of therapeutic time window, the optimal composition of the therapeutic dose and time window of picroside II in treating cerebral ischemic injury should be achieved by injecting picroside II intraperitoneally with 20 mg/kg body weight at ischemia 1.5 h.
Keywords: picroside II; cerebral ischemia; therapeutic dose; time window; NSE; S-100; rats picroside II; cerebral ischemia; therapeutic dose; time window; NSE; S-100; rats
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Pei, H.; Su, X.; Zhao, L.; Li, H.; Guo, Y.; Zhang, M.; Xin, H. Primary Study for the Therapeutic Dose and Time Window of Picroside II in Treating Cerebral Ischemic Injury in Rats. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 2551-2562.

AMA Style

Pei H, Su X, Zhao L, Li H, Guo Y, Zhang M, Xin H. Primary Study for the Therapeutic Dose and Time Window of Picroside II in Treating Cerebral Ischemic Injury in Rats. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(3):2551-2562.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pei, Haitao; Su, Xi; Zhao, Li; Li, Hongyun; Guo, Yunliang; Zhang, Menizeng; Xin, Hui. 2012. "Primary Study for the Therapeutic Dose and Time Window of Picroside II in Treating Cerebral Ischemic Injury in Rats." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 3: 2551-2562.



Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert