Abstract: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs of ~22 nucleotides that function as negative regulators of gene expression by either inhibiting translation or inducing deadenylation-dependent degradation of target transcripts. Notably, deregulation of miRNAs expression is associated with the initiation and progression of human cancers where they act as oncogenes or tumor suppressors contributing to tumorigenesis. Abnormal miRNA expression may provide potential diagnostic and prognostic tumor biomarkers and new therapeutic targets in cancer. Recently, several miRNAs have been shown to initiate invasion and metastasis by targeting multiple proteins that are major players in these cellular events, thus they have been denominated as metastamiRs. Here, we present a review of the current knowledge of miRNAs in cancer with a special focus on metastamiRs. In addition we discuss their potential use as novel specific markers for cancer progression.
Keywords: microRNA; cancer; epithelial-mesenchymal transition; invasion; metastasis; metastamiRs
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Lopez-Camarillo, C.; Marchat, L.A.; Arechaga-Ocampo, E.; Perez-Plasencia, C.; Moral-Hernandez, O.; Castaneda-Ortiz, E.J.; Rodriguez-Cuevas, S. MetastamiRs: Non-Coding MicroRNAs Driving Cancer Invasion and Metastasis. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 1347-1379.
Lopez-Camarillo C, Marchat LA, Arechaga-Ocampo E, Perez-Plasencia C, Moral-Hernandez O, Castaneda-Ortiz EJ, Rodriguez-Cuevas S. MetastamiRs: Non-Coding MicroRNAs Driving Cancer Invasion and Metastasis. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(2):1347-1379.
Lopez-Camarillo, Cesar; Marchat, Laurence A.; Arechaga-Ocampo, Elena; Perez-Plasencia, Carlos; Moral-Hernandez, Oscar del; Castaneda-Ortiz, Elizabeth J.; Rodriguez-Cuevas, Sergio. 2012. "MetastamiRs: Non-Coding MicroRNAs Driving Cancer Invasion and Metastasis." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 2: 1347-1379.