Next Article in Journal
Next Article in Special Issue
Previous Article in Journal
Previous Article in Special Issue
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(11), 15401-15419; doi:10.3390/ijms131115401
Review

Marine Omega-3 Phospholipids: Metabolism and Biological Activities

1
, 1
, 2
 and 1,*
Received: 8 October 2012; in revised form: 9 November 2012 / Accepted: 14 November 2012 / Published: 21 November 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phospholipids: Molecular Sciences 2012)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [585 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]
Abstract: The biological activities of omega-3 fatty acids (n-3 FAs) have been under extensive study for several decades. However, not much attention has been paid to differences of dietary forms, such as triglycerides (TGs) versus ethyl esters or phospholipids (PLs). New innovative marine raw materials, like krill and fish by-products, present n-3 FAs mainly in the PL form. With their increasing availability, new evidence has emerged on n-3 PL biological activities and differences to n-3 TGs. In this review, we describe the recently discovered nutritional properties of n-3 PLs on different parameters of metabolic syndrome and highlight their different metabolic bioavailability in comparison to other dietary forms of n-3 FAs.
Keywords: phospholipid; krill oil; phosphatidylcholine; fish oil; triglyceride phospholipid; krill oil; phosphatidylcholine; fish oil; triglyceride
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Burri, L.; Hoem, N.; Banni, S.; Berge, K. Marine Omega-3 Phospholipids: Metabolism and Biological Activities. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 15401-15419.

AMA Style

Burri L, Hoem N, Banni S, Berge K. Marine Omega-3 Phospholipids: Metabolism and Biological Activities. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(11):15401-15419.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Burri, Lena; Hoem, Nils; Banni, Sebastiano; Berge, Kjetil. 2012. "Marine Omega-3 Phospholipids: Metabolism and Biological Activities." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 11: 15401-15419.


Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert