Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(11), 14106-14114; doi:10.3390/ijms131114106
Article

Detection of Glutamic Acid in Oilseed Rape Leaves Using Near Infrared Spectroscopy and the Least Squares-Support Vector Machine

College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 September 2012; in revised form: 19 October 2012 / Accepted: 23 October 2012 / Published: 31 October 2012
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Abstract: Amino acids are quite important indices to indicate the growth status of oilseed rape under herbicide stress. Near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy combined with chemometrics was applied for fast determination of glutamic acid in oilseed rape leaves. The optimal spectral preprocessing method was obtained after comparing Savitzky-Golay smoothing, standard normal variate, multiplicative scatter correction, first and second derivatives, detrending and direct orthogonal signal correction. Linear and nonlinear calibration methods were developed, including partial least squares (PLS) and least squares-support vector machine (LS-SVM). The most effective wavelengths (EWs) were determined by the successive projections algorithm (SPA), and these wavelengths were used as the inputs of PLS and LS-SVM model. The best prediction results were achieved by SPA-LS-SVM (Raw) model with correlation coefficient r = 0.9943 and root mean squares error of prediction (RMSEP) = 0.0569 for prediction set. These results indicated that NIR spectroscopy combined with SPA-LS-SVM was feasible for the fast and effective detection of glutamic acid in oilseed rape leaves. The selected EWs could be used to develop spectral sensors, and the important and basic amino acid data were helpful to study the function mechanism of herbicide.
Keywords: oilseed rape; herbicide; amino acid; near infrared spectroscopy; successive projections algorithm; least squares-support vector machine

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bao, Y.; Kong, W.; Liu, F.; Qiu, Z.; He, Y. Detection of Glutamic Acid in Oilseed Rape Leaves Using Near Infrared Spectroscopy and the Least Squares-Support Vector Machine. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 14106-14114.

AMA Style

Bao Y, Kong W, Liu F, Qiu Z, He Y. Detection of Glutamic Acid in Oilseed Rape Leaves Using Near Infrared Spectroscopy and the Least Squares-Support Vector Machine. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(11):14106-14114.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bao, Yidan; Kong, Wenwen; Liu, Fei; Qiu, Zhengjun; He, Yong. 2012. "Detection of Glutamic Acid in Oilseed Rape Leaves Using Near Infrared Spectroscopy and the Least Squares-Support Vector Machine." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 11: 14106-14114.

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