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Asymmetric Dimethylarginine Plasma Levels and Endothelial Function in Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetic Patients
Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University Magna Græcia of Catanzaro, Campus Germaneto, viale Europa, 88100, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 September 2012; in revised form: 24 September 2012 / Accepted: 9 October 2012 / Published: 24 October 2012
Abstract: It is now well established that major risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) impact upon endothelial function by decreasing nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous analog of l-arginine, is able to inhibit the activity of endothelial-NO synthase, promoting endothelial dysfunction. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is characterized by a reduced endothelium-dependent vasodilation and increased ADMA levels and ADMA is strongly associated with micro- and macrovascular diabetic complications. However, there are not a lot of data about the role of ADMA on endothelial function in newly diagnosed T2D patients without cardiovascular (CV) complications. For this aim, we have enrolled forty-five newly diagnosed T2D patients, evaluated by a oral glucose tolerance test, and thirty normal subjects. Endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilatation was investigated by intra-arterial infusion of increasing doses of acetylcholine (ACh) and sodium nitroprusside. ADMA was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography and insulin resistance (IR) by HOMA. Newly diagnosed T2D patients showed higher ADMA and l-arginine mean values in comparison with normal subjects and a significantly reduced ACh-stimulated forearm blood flow (FBF). In T2D patients FBF was significantly and inversely correlated with ADMA (r = −0.524, p < 0.0001) and in a multivariate regression analysis, ADMA resulted the stronger predictor of FBF, explaining the 27.5% of variability (p < 0.0001). In conclusion, ADMA was strongly related to endothelial dysfunction also in patients with newly diagnosed T2D, without clinically manifest vascular complications. This field is of great interest for understanding the mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of diabetic disease and its CV complications.
Keywords: endothelium; type 2 diabetes; asymmetric dimethylarginine
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MDPI and ACS Style
Sciacqua, A.; Grillo, N.; Quero, M.; Sesti, G.; Perticone, F. Asymmetric Dimethylarginine Plasma Levels and Endothelial Function in Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetic Patients. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 13804-13815.
Sciacqua A, Grillo N, Quero M, Sesti G, Perticone F. Asymmetric Dimethylarginine Plasma Levels and Endothelial Function in Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetic Patients. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(11):13804-13815.
Sciacqua, Angela; Grillo, Nadia; Quero, Michele; Sesti, Giorgio; Perticone, Francesco. 2012. "Asymmetric Dimethylarginine Plasma Levels and Endothelial Function in Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetic Patients." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 11: 13804-13815.