Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(10), 12773-12856; doi:10.3390/ijms131012773
Review

Theoretical Models for Surface Forces and Adhesion and Their Measurement Using Atomic Force Microscopy

1 Nanoneurobiophysics Research Group, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics, Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar), P.O. Box 3031, CEP 18052-780, Sorocaba, São Paulo, Brazil 2 Institute of Geosciences and Exact Sciences, São Paulo State University (UNESP), P.O. Box 178, CEP 13550-970, Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brazil 3 Institute of Physics of São Carlos, University of São Paulo (USP), P.O. Box 369, CEP 13560-970, São Carlos, São Paulo, Brazil
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 July 2012; in revised form: 7 September 2012 / Accepted: 17 September 2012 / Published: 8 October 2012
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Abstract: The increasing importance of studies on soft matter and their impact on new technologies, including those associated with nanotechnology, has brought intermolecular and surface forces to the forefront of physics and materials science, for these are the prevailing forces in micro and nanosystems. With experimental methods such as the atomic force spectroscopy (AFS), it is now possible to measure these forces accurately, in addition to providing information on local material properties such as elasticity, hardness and adhesion. This review provides the theoretical and experimental background of afs, adhesion forces, intermolecular interactions and surface forces in air, vacuum and in solution.
Keywords: van der Waals; adhesion; surface forces; atomic force microscopy; atomic force spectroscopy; structural forces; double-layer; wettability; AFM

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MDPI and ACS Style

Leite, F.L.; Bueno, C.C.; Da Róz, A.L.; Ziemath, E.C.; Oliveira, O.N., Jr. Theoretical Models for Surface Forces and Adhesion and Their Measurement Using Atomic Force Microscopy. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 12773-12856.

AMA Style

Leite FL, Bueno CC, Da Róz AL, Ziemath EC, Oliveira ON, Jr. Theoretical Models for Surface Forces and Adhesion and Their Measurement Using Atomic Force Microscopy. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(10):12773-12856.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Leite, Fabio L.; Bueno, Carolina C.; Da Róz, Alessandra L.; Ziemath, Ervino C.; Oliveira, Osvaldo N., Jr. 2012. "Theoretical Models for Surface Forces and Adhesion and Their Measurement Using Atomic Force Microscopy." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 10: 12773-12856.

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