A correction was published on 24 May 2012, see Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(5), 6452-6453.

Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(1), 737-757; doi:10.3390/ijms13010737
Review

Nanostructured Biomaterials for Tissue Engineered Bone Tissue Reconstruction

Received: 2 December 2011; in revised form: 30 December 2011 / Accepted: 31 December 2011 / Published: 11 January 2012
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Bone tissue engineering strategies are emerging as attractive alternatives to autografts and allografts in bone tissue reconstruction, in particular thanks to their association with nanotechnologies. Nanostructured biomaterials, indeed, mimic the extracellular matrix (ECM) of the natural bone, creating an artificial microenvironment that promotes cell adhesion, proliferation and differentiation. At the same time, the possibility to easily isolate mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from different adult tissues together with their multi-lineage differentiation potential makes them an interesting tool in the field of bone tissue engineering. This review gives an overview of the most promising nanostructured biomaterials, used alone or in combination with MSCs, which could in future be employed as bone substitutes. Recent works indicate that composite scaffolds made of ceramics/metals or ceramics/polymers are undoubtedly more effective than the single counterparts in terms of osteoconductivity, osteogenicity and osteoinductivity. A better understanding of the interactions between MSCs and nanostructured biomaterials will surely contribute to the progress of bone tissue engineering.
Keywords: nanostructures; stem cells; bone; tissue engineering
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chiara, G.; Letizia, F.; Lorenzo, F.; Edoardo, S.; Diego, S.; Stefano, S.; Eriberto, B.; Barbara, Z. Nanostructured Biomaterials for Tissue Engineered Bone Tissue Reconstruction. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 737-757.

AMA Style

Chiara G, Letizia F, Lorenzo F, Edoardo S, Diego S, Stefano S, Eriberto B, Barbara Z. Nanostructured Biomaterials for Tissue Engineered Bone Tissue Reconstruction. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(1):737-757.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chiara, Gardin; Letizia, Ferroni; Lorenzo, Favero; Edoardo, Stellini; Diego, Stomaci; Stefano, Sivolella; Eriberto, Bressan; Barbara, Zavan. 2012. "Nanostructured Biomaterials for Tissue Engineered Bone Tissue Reconstruction." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 1: 737-757.

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