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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(1), 348-357; doi:10.3390/ijms13010348

Acidic Pretreatment of Wheat Straw in Decanol for the Production of Surfactant, Lignin and Glucose

1 Agro-Industrie Recherches et Développement “Green Chemistry Department”, F-51110 POMACLE, France 2 Institut de Chimie Moléculaire de Reims, UMR 6229, CNRS-Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, UFR des Sciences exactes et naturelles, BP 1039, 51687 REIMS Cedex 2, France 3 Université Lille1, EA 4478 “Chimie Moléculaire et Formulation”, F-59655 Villeneuve d’Ascq Cedex, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 October 2011 / Revised: 14 November 2011 / Accepted: 15 December 2011 / Published: 28 December 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Green Chemistry and Sustainable Chemistry 2011)
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Wheat straw is an abundant residue of agriculture which is increasingly being considered as feedstock for the production of fuels, energy and chemicals. The acidic decanol-based pre-treatment of wheat straw has been investigated in this work. Wheat straw hemicellulose has been efficiently converted during a single step operation into decyl pentoside surfactants and the remaining material has been preserved keeping all its promises as potential feedstock for fuels or value added platform chemicals such as hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF). The enzymatic digestibility of the cellulose contained in the straw residue has been evaluated and the lignin prepared from the material characterized. Wheat-based surfactants thus obtained have exhibited superior surface properties compared to fossil-based polyethoxylates decyl alcohol or alkyl oligoglucosides, some of which are largely used surfactants. In view of the growing importance of renewable resource-based molecules in the chemical industry, this approach may open a new avenue for the conversion of wheat straw into various chemicals.
Keywords: wheat straw; biomass; glycosylation; surfactants; lignin; decyl pentosides wheat straw; biomass; glycosylation; surfactants; lignin; decyl pentosides
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Marinkovic, S.; Bras, J.L.; Nardello-Rataj, V.; Agach, M.; Estrine, B. Acidic Pretreatment of Wheat Straw in Decanol for the Production of Surfactant, Lignin and Glucose. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 348-357.

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