Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(6), 3810-3820; doi:10.3390/ijms12063810
Article

Screen-Printed Carbon Electrodes Modified with Cobalt Phthalocyanine for Selective Sulfur Detection in Cosmetic Products

Received: 13 April 2011; in revised form: 31 May 2011 / Accepted: 2 June 2011 / Published: 9 June 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Material Sciences and Nanotechnology)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Cobalt phthalocyanine (CoPc) films were deposited on the surface of a screen-printed carbon electrode using a simple drop coating method. The cyclic voltammogram of the resulting CoPc modified screen-printed electrode (CoPc/SPE) prepared under optimum conditions shows a well-behaved redox couple due to the (CoI/CoII) system. The CoPc/SPE surface demonstrates excellent electrochemical activity towards the oxidation of sulfur in a 0.01 mol·L−1 NaOH. A linear calibration curve with the detection limit (DL, S/N = 3) of 0.325 mg·L−1 was achieved by CoPc/SPE coupled with flow injection analysis of the sulfur concentration ranging from 4 to 1120 mg·L−1. The precision of the system response was evaluated (3.60% and 3.52% RSD for 12 repeated injections), in the range of 64 and 480 mg·L−1 sulfur. The applicability of the method was successfully demonstrated in a real sample analysis of sulfur in anti-acne creams, and good recovery was obtained. The CoPc/SPE displayed several advantages in sulfur determination including easy fabrication, high stability, and low cost.
Keywords: sulfur; cosmetics; cobalt phthalocyanine; screen-printed carbon electrode
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, P.-Y.; Luo, C.-H.; Chen, M.-C.; Tsai, F.-J.; Chang, N.-F.; Shih, Y. Screen-Printed Carbon Electrodes Modified with Cobalt Phthalocyanine for Selective Sulfur Detection in Cosmetic Products. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 3810-3820.

AMA Style

Chen P-Y, Luo C-H, Chen M-C, Tsai F-J, Chang N-F, Shih Y. Screen-Printed Carbon Electrodes Modified with Cobalt Phthalocyanine for Selective Sulfur Detection in Cosmetic Products. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2011; 12(6):3810-3820.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Pei-Yen; Luo, Chin-Hsiang; Chen, Mei-Chin; Tsai, Feng-Jie; Chang, Nai-Fang; Shih, Ying. 2011. "Screen-Printed Carbon Electrodes Modified with Cobalt Phthalocyanine for Selective Sulfur Detection in Cosmetic Products." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, no. 6: 3810-3820.

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