Abstract: Synthesis of Zn2Ti3O8 powders for attenuating UVA using TiCl4, Zn(NO3)2×6H2O and NH4OH as precursor materials by hydrothermal process has been investigated. The X-ray diffractometry (XRD) results show the phases of ZnO, anatase TiO2 and Zn2Ti3O8 coexisted when the zinc titanate powders were calcined at 600 °C for 1 h. When calcined at 900 °C for 1 h, the XRD results reveal the existence of ZnO, Zn2TiO4, rutile TiO2 and ZnTiO3. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) observations show extensive large agglomeration in the samples. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) and electron diffraction (ED) examination results indicate that ZnTiO3 crystallites formed with a size of about 5 nm on the matrix of plate-like ZnO when calcined at 700 °C for 1 h. The calcination samples have acceptable absorbance at a wavelength of 400 nm, indicating that the zinc titanate precursor powders calcined at 700 °C for 1 h can be used as an UVA-attenuating agent.
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Wang, C.-L.; Hwang, W.-S.; Chang, K.-M.; Ko, H.-H.; Hsi, C.-S.; Huang, H.-H.; Wang, M.-C. Formation and Morphology of Zn2Ti3O8 Powders Using Hydrothermal Process without Dispersant Agent or Mineralizer. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 935-945.
Wang C-L, Hwang W-S, Chang K-M, Ko H-H, Hsi C-S, Huang H-H, Wang M-C. Formation and Morphology of Zn2Ti3O8 Powders Using Hydrothermal Process without Dispersant Agent or Mineralizer. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2011; 12(2):935-945.
Wang, Cheng-Li; Hwang, Weng-Sing; Chang, Kuo-Ming; Ko, Horng-Huey; Hsi, Chi-Shiung; Huang, Hong-Hsin; Wang, Moo-Chin. 2011. "Formation and Morphology of Zn2Ti3O8 Powders Using Hydrothermal Process without Dispersant Agent or Mineralizer." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, no. 2: 935-945.