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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(2), 917-934; doi:10.3390/ijms12020917
Review

Effects of Chitin and Its Derivative Chitosan on Postharvest Decay of Fruits: A Review

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Received: 22 December 2010; in revised form: 21 January 2011 / Accepted: 25 January 2011 / Published: 27 January 2011
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Abstract: Considerable economic losses to harvested fruits are caused by postharvest fungal decay during transportation and storage, which can be significantly controlled by synthetic fungicides. However, considering public concern over pesticide residues in food and the environment, there is a need for safer alternatives for the control of postharvest decay to substitute synthetic fungicides. As the second most abundant biopolymer renewable source in nature, chitin and its derivative chitosan are widely used in controlling postharvest decay of fruits. This review aims to introduce the effect of chitin and chitosan on postharvest decay in fruits and the possible modes of action involved. We found most of the actions discussed in these researches rest on physiological mechanisms. All of the mechanisms are summarized to lay the groundwork for further studies which should focus on the molecular mechanisms of chitin and chitosan in controlling postharvest decay of fruits.
Keywords: chitin; chitosan; fruits; postharvest decay; control efficacy; mechanisms   chitin; chitosan; fruits; postharvest decay; control efficacy; mechanisms  
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, H.; Li, R.; Liu, W. Effects of Chitin and Its Derivative Chitosan on Postharvest Decay of Fruits: A Review. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 917-934.

AMA Style

Zhang H, Li R, Liu W. Effects of Chitin and Its Derivative Chitosan on Postharvest Decay of Fruits: A Review. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2011; 12(2):917-934.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Hongyin; Li, Renping; Liu, Weimin. 2011. "Effects of Chitin and Its Derivative Chitosan on Postharvest Decay of Fruits: A Review." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, no. 2: 917-934.


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