Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(1), 462-475; doi:10.3390/ijms12010462

Biosurfactants for Microbubble Preparation and Application

1,* email, 2email, 3email and 1,* email
Received: 17 December 2010; in revised form: 11 January 2011 / Accepted: 11 January 2011 / Published: 17 January 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biosurfactants)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Biosurfactants can be classified by their chemical composition and their origin. This review briefly describes various classes of biosurfactants based on their origin and introduces a few of the most widely used biosurfactants. The current status and future trends in biosurfactant production are discussed, with an emphasis on those derived from plants. Following a brief introduction of the properties of microbubbles, recent progress in the application of microbubble technology to molecular imaging, wastewater treatment, and aerobic fermentation are presented. Several studies on the preparation, characterization and applications of biosurfactant-based microbubbles are reviewed.
Keywords: biosurfactant; microbubble; production; characterization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Xu, Q.; Nakajima, M.; Liu, Z.; Shiina, T. Biosurfactants for Microbubble Preparation and Application. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 462-475.

AMA Style

Xu Q, Nakajima M, Liu Z, Shiina T. Biosurfactants for Microbubble Preparation and Application. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2011; 12(1):462-475.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xu, Qingyi; Nakajima, Mitsutoshi; Liu, Zengshe; Shiina, Takeo. 2011. "Biosurfactants for Microbubble Preparation and Application." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, no. 1: 462-475.

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