Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(1), 462-475; doi:10.3390/ijms12010462

Biosurfactants for Microbubble Preparation and Application

1 Food Engineering Division, National Food Institute, 2-1-12 Kannondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8642, Japan 2 Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennoudai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8572, Japan 3 NCAUR/ARS/USDA, 1815 N. University Street, Peoria, IL 61604, USA
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 December 2010; in revised form: 11 January 2011 / Accepted: 11 January 2011 / Published: 17 January 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biosurfactants)
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [398 KB, uploaded 17 January 2011 10:18 CET]
Abstract: Biosurfactants can be classified by their chemical composition and their origin. This review briefly describes various classes of biosurfactants based on their origin and introduces a few of the most widely used biosurfactants. The current status and future trends in biosurfactant production are discussed, with an emphasis on those derived from plants. Following a brief introduction of the properties of microbubbles, recent progress in the application of microbubble technology to molecular imaging, wastewater treatment, and aerobic fermentation are presented. Several studies on the preparation, characterization and applications of biosurfactant-based microbubbles are reviewed.
Keywords: biosurfactant; microbubble; production; characterization

Article Statistics

Load and display the download statistics.

Citations to this Article

Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Xu, Q.; Nakajima, M.; Liu, Z.; Shiina, T. Biosurfactants for Microbubble Preparation and Application. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 462-475.

AMA Style

Xu Q, Nakajima M, Liu Z, Shiina T. Biosurfactants for Microbubble Preparation and Application. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2011; 12(1):462-475.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xu, Qingyi; Nakajima, Mitsutoshi; Liu, Zengshe; Shiina, Takeo. 2011. "Biosurfactants for Microbubble Preparation and Application." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, no. 1: 462-475.

Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert