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Biosurfactants for Microbubble Preparation and Application
Food Engineering Division, National Food Institute, 2-1-12 Kannondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8642, Japan
Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennoudai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8572, Japan
NCAUR/ARS/USDA, 1815 N. University Street, Peoria, IL 61604, USA
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 December 2010; in revised form: 11 January 2011 / Accepted: 11 January 2011 / Published: 17 January 2011
Abstract: Biosurfactants can be classified by their chemical composition and their origin. This review briefly describes various classes of biosurfactants based on their origin and introduces a few of the most widely used biosurfactants. The current status and future trends in biosurfactant production are discussed, with an emphasis on those derived from plants. Following a brief introduction of the properties of microbubbles, recent progress in the application of microbubble technology to molecular imaging, wastewater treatment, and aerobic fermentation are presented. Several studies on the preparation, characterization and applications of biosurfactant-based microbubbles are reviewed.
Keywords: biosurfactant; microbubble; production; characterization
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MDPI and ACS Style
Xu, Q.; Nakajima, M.; Liu, Z.; Shiina, T. Biosurfactants for Microbubble Preparation and Application. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 462-475.
Xu Q, Nakajima M, Liu Z, Shiina T. Biosurfactants for Microbubble Preparation and Application. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2011; 12(1):462-475.
Xu, Qingyi; Nakajima, Mitsutoshi; Liu, Zengshe; Shiina, Takeo. 2011. "Biosurfactants for Microbubble Preparation and Application." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, no. 1: 462-475.