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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11(5), 2097-2108; doi:10.3390/ijms11052097
Article

Use of Parsimony Analysis to Identify Areas of Endemism of Chinese Birds: Implications for Conservation and Biogeography

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Received: 8 March 2010; in revised form: 6 May 2010 / Accepted: 6 May 2010 / Published: 10 May 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cladistic Analysis and Molecular Evolution)
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Abstract: Parsimony analysis of endemicity (PAE) was used to identify areas of endemism (AOEs) for Chinese birds at the subregional level. Four AOEs were identified based on a distribution database of 105 endemic species and using 18 avifaunal subregions as the operating geographical units (OGUs). The four AOEs are the Qinghai-Zangnan Subregion, the Southwest Mountainous Subregion, the Hainan Subregion and the Taiwan Subregion. Cladistic analysis of subregions generally supports the division of China’s avifauna into Palaearctic and Oriental realms. Two PAE area trees were produced from two different distribution datasets (year 1976 and 2007). The 1976 topology has four distinct subregional branches; however, the 2007 topology has three distinct branches. Moreover, three Palaearctic subregions in the 1976 tree clustered together with the Oriental subregions in the 2007 tree. Such topological differences may reflect changes in the distribution of bird species through circa three decades.
Keywords: endemicity; areas of endemism; China; bird; parsimony analysis endemicity; areas of endemism; China; bird; parsimony analysis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, X.-L.; Qiao, G.-X.; Lei, F.-M. Use of Parsimony Analysis to Identify Areas of Endemism of Chinese Birds: Implications for Conservation and Biogeography. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11, 2097-2108.

AMA Style

Huang X-L, Qiao G-X, Lei F-M. Use of Parsimony Analysis to Identify Areas of Endemism of Chinese Birds: Implications for Conservation and Biogeography. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2010; 11(5):2097-2108.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Huang, Xiao-Lei; Qiao, Ge-Xia; Lei, Fu-Min. 2010. "Use of Parsimony Analysis to Identify Areas of Endemism of Chinese Birds: Implications for Conservation and Biogeography." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 11, no. 5: 2097-2108.


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