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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11(4), 1321-1342; doi:10.3390/ijms11041321
Review

Bioavailability of the Polyphenols: Status and Controversies

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Received: 27 January 2010; in revised form: 28 February 2010 / Accepted: 15 March 2010 / Published: 31 March 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phenolics and Polyphenolics)
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Abstract: The current interest in polyphenols has been driven primarily by epidemiological studies. However, to establish conclusive evidence for the effectiveness of dietary polyphenols in disease prevention, it is useful to better define the bioavailability of the polyphenols, so that their biological activity can be evaluated. The bioavailability appears to differ greatly among the various phenolic compounds, and the most abundant ones in our diet are not necessarily those that have the best bioavailability profile. In the present review, we focus on the factors influencing the bioavailability of the polyphenols. Moreover, a critical overview on the difficulties and the controversies of the studies on the bioavailability is discussed.
Keywords: dietary polyphenols; bioavailability; metabolites dietary polyphenols; bioavailability; metabolites
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

D’Archivio, M.; Filesi, C.; Varì, R.; Scazzocchio, B.; Masella, R. Bioavailability of the Polyphenols: Status and Controversies. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11, 1321-1342.

AMA Style

D’Archivio M, Filesi C, Varì R, Scazzocchio B, Masella R. Bioavailability of the Polyphenols: Status and Controversies. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2010; 11(4):1321-1342.

Chicago/Turabian Style

D’Archivio, Massimo; Filesi, Carmelina; Varì, Rosaria; Scazzocchio, Beatrice; Masella, Roberta. 2010. "Bioavailability of the Polyphenols: Status and Controversies." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 11, no. 4: 1321-1342.


Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert