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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11(3), 789-806; doi:10.3390/ijms11030789
Review

Interleukin 12 a Key Immunoregulatory Cytokine in Infection Applications

1,2
, 3
 and 1,2,4,5,*
Received: 9 January 2010; Accepted: 24 February 2010 / Published: 26 February 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Biomimetics and Materials Design)
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Abstract: Interleukin 12 (termed IL-12p70 and commonly designated IL-12) is an important immunoregulatory cytokine that is produced mainly by antigen-presenting cells. The expression of IL-12 during infection regulates innate responses and determines the type of adaptive immune responses. IL-12 induces interferon-γ (IFN-γ) production and triggers CD4+ T cells to differentiate into type 1 T helper (Th1) cells. Studies have suggested that IL-12 could play a vital role in treating many diseases, such as viral and bacterial infections and cancers. The unique heterodimeric structure, which IL-12 shares with its family members including IL-23, IL-27, and IL-35, has recently brought more attention to understanding the mechanisms that regulate the functions of IL-12. This article describes the structure and biological activities of IL-12 in both the innate and adaptive arms of the immune system, and discusses the applications of IL-12 in treating and preventing infections.
Keywords: interleukin 12; infection; interferon-γ; cell-mediated immunity; cell signaling interleukin 12; infection; interferon-γ; cell-mediated immunity; cell signaling
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hamza, T.; Barnett, J.B.; Li, B. Interleukin 12 a Key Immunoregulatory Cytokine in Infection Applications. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11, 789-806.

AMA Style

Hamza T, Barnett JB, Li B. Interleukin 12 a Key Immunoregulatory Cytokine in Infection Applications. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2010; 11(3):789-806.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hamza, Therwa; Barnett, John B.; Li, Bingyun. 2010. "Interleukin 12 a Key Immunoregulatory Cytokine in Infection Applications." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 11, no. 3: 789-806.


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