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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2009, 10(7), 3168-3185; doi:10.3390/ijms10073168
Review

Post-transcriptional Regulation of Gene Expression in Plants during Abiotic Stress

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1 Aix-Marseille Université, Laboratoire de Génétique et Biophysique des Plantes, Marseille, F-13009, France 2 CNRS, UMR Biol Veget & Microbiol Environ, Marseille, F-13009, France 3 CEA, DSV, IBEB, Marseille, F-13009, France # These authors contributed equally to this work
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 June 2009 / Revised: 4 July 2009 / Accepted: 9 July 2009 / Published: 10 July 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biotic and Abiotic Stress)
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Abstract

Land plants are anchored in one place for most of their life cycle and therefore must constantly adapt their growth and metabolism to abiotic stresses such as light intensity, temperature and the availability of water and essential minerals. Thus, plants’ subsistence depends on their ability to regulate rapidly gene expression in order to adapt their physiology to their environment. Recent studies indicate that post-transcriptional regulations of gene expression play an important role in how plants respond to abiotic stresses. We will review the different mechanisms of post-transcriptional regulation of nuclear genes expression including messenger RNA (mRNA) processing, stability, localization and protein translation, and discuss their relative importance for plant adaptation to abiotic stress.
Keywords: plants; abiotic stress; gene expression; post-transcriptional regulations plants; abiotic stress; gene expression; post-transcriptional regulations
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Floris, M.; Mahgoub, H.; Lanet, E.; Robaglia, C.; Menand, B. Post-transcriptional Regulation of Gene Expression in Plants during Abiotic Stress. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2009, 10, 3168-3185.

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